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ch 5 stack 2

Ntldr The OS Ntldr boot record program for Windows XP.
On-board ports Ports that On-board ports are directly on the motherboard, such as a built-in keyboard port or on-board serial port.
partician table This table partician table tells BIOS how many partitions the drive has, where each partition begins and ends, and which partition is used for booting (called the active partition).
PCI Buses have PCI been improved several times. There are currently three major categories and within each category, several variations of PCI.
PCIe PCI Express PCIe uses a serial bus, which is faster than a parallel bus because it transmits data in packets similar to how an Ethernet network, USB, and FireWire transmit data.
PGA Sockets aligned PGA with pins aligned in uniform rows around the socket. Used in earlier Pentiums.
power-on password A password power-on password that a computer uses to control access during the boot process.
program file A program program file file contains a list of instructions stored in a file.
riser card A card riser card that plugs into a motherboard and allows for expansion cards to be mounted parallel to the motherboard. Expansion cards are plugged into slots on the riser card.
SLI NVIDIA’s technology SLI for installing two video cards on a motherboard.
soft boot A soft soft boot boot, or warm boot, involves using the operating system to reboot.
South Bridge The slower South Bridge hub in the Accelerated Hub Architecture.
SPGA Having the SPGA pins staggered over the socket to squeeze more pins into a small space.
standoffs Round plastic standoffs or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case.
track Concentric circles track on a hard drive. Each track is divided into segments called sectors, and each sector can hold 512 bytes of data.
user password A password user password enabling you to logon to the operating system.
wait state A clock wait state tick in which nothing happens. Used to ensure that the microprocessor is not getting ahead of slower components. A 0-wait state is preferable to a 1-wait state.
ZIF Square or ZIF nearly square sockets so that even force is applied when inserting the processor in the socket, all current processor sockets have a lever on the side of the socket.
Created by: deerhunter9509