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Ch17 Vocabulary

Otorhinolaryngologic Surgery Vocab

AERODIGESTIVE TRACT medical term for the throat
APNEA cessation of breathing
CARNIA the inferior tracheal cartilage that projects from the tracheal cartilage and bifureates into the two primary bronchi
CHOLESTEATOMA a mass composed of cholesterol and epithelial cells that is either congenital or occurs as a complication of chronic otitis media; located in the middle ear
CHONDRORADIONECROSIS xray of dead cartilage
CONGENITAL present at birth
DYNAMIC EQUALIBRIUM the ability of the individual to adjust to displacements of the center of gravity of the body
EPIGLOTTIS the small cartilaginous structure that acts like a lid and closes the passage way to the larynx to prevent food from entering the larynx and trachea during the act of swallowing
EPISTAXIS nosebleed
GELFOAM type of absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is made of purified pork skin gelatin; availablle in either pad or powder form, it is placed over an area of bleeding to control hemorrhage
GLOTTIS the small opening between the true vocal cords
HYDROPS abnormal accumulation of clear watery fluid in the tissue or a body cavity such as the middle of the ear; formly called dropsy
HYPERTROPHY enlargement or overgrowth of a structure acheived by suggestion of another, an individuals own concentration, or with the use of a substance
LARYNGO- combining form meaning larynx
MYRINGO- combining form referring to the tymapanic membrane
OLFACTION sense of smell
OROPHARYNX pertaining to the oral cavity and pharynx
OTO- combining form meaning ear
PHARYNGOTYMPANIC TUBE an open tube that links the middle ear to the nasopharynx; it releases pressure pushing against the tympanic membrane and allows the membrane to vibrate
POLYP growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane; often precancerous growths
POLYSOMNOGRAPHY diagnostic test during which physiological variables are measured and recorded during sleep; often administered to individuals who suffer from some type of sleep disorder
RHINO- combining form that means nose
-SCLEROSIS suffix relating to hardening of a structure or tissue due to a pathological occurance
SMR (SUBMUCOUS RESECTION) a surgical procedure to restore normal breathing;involves incising the mucous membrane lining of the nasal cavity, lifting the underlying perichondrium, removing underlying mucous membrane structures,& placing the mucous membrane back into position
T&A (TONSILLECTOMY AND ADENOIDECTOMY) surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids
UPP (UVULOPALATOPHARYNGOPLASTY) surgical procedure to treat intactable snoring and obstructive sleep apnea; involves removal of the redundant tissue of the fauces, tonsils, and a portion of the soft palate including the uvula
Created by: E.Ochoa