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Ch16 Ophthalmic Surg

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
ANTERIOR CHAMBER the cavity of the eye located anterior to the iris and containing the aqueous humor
BSS (BALANCE SALT SOLUTION) an irrigant used for the eye during eye procedures
CATARACT a pathological condition in which the crystalline lens has become opaque due to age or trauma
CHALAZION a small, red, inflammed lump that can be located on the inner or outer surface of the eyelid; caused by an inflammatory reaction to material trapped inside the meibomian gland in the eyelid
DACRYO- combining form referring to the lacrimal apparatus of the eye
DIATHERMY the use of high frequency electromagnetic currents to cauterize blood vessels and destroy neoplasms
ENUCLEATION en bloc removal of a structure; usually refers to the removal of the eye
EXTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION a method for surgically removing a cataract through an incision in the side of the cornea and replacing the diseased lens with an intraocular implant
EXTRINSIC MUSCLES the six muscles of the eye that come from the bones of the orbit and function to move the eye in various directions
GLOBE the eyeball and its entirety
INTRACAPSULAR CATARACT EXTRACTION a method for surgically removing a cataract by injecting alpha chymotrupsin into the posterior chamber to digest the suspensory ligament so that the diseased lens can be removed in its entirety
IRIDOTOMY incision of the iris for the creation of a new aperture in the iris when the pupil is closed
KERATO- combining form or prefix indicating a relation to horny substances or to the cornea
LACRIMAL a facial bone that, along with the zygomatic bone and palate, helps to form the orbit of the eye
OCUTOME a cutting system for posterior vitrectomy
POSTERIOR CHAMBER the area behind the iris, but in front of and behind the lens
RETROBULBAR behind the eyeball or pons
STRABISMUS a pathological condition that is a misalignment or deviation of the eyes that normally work simultaneously to track visual actions
TREPHINE a cylindrical saw for cutting a circular piece of bone
TUNIC an investing membrane
Created by: E.Ochoa