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Ch15 ObGyn Surg


ADNEXA appendages or accessary structures of an organ
BONY PELVIS the four bones of the pelvis that makes up the lower part of the trunk of the body; serves to support the upper body and protect the pelvic organs
BREECH intrauterine position of a fetus in which the buttocks or feet present first
CESAREAN SECTION a surgical precedure in which the abdomen and uterus are incised to deliver a baby
CORPUS LUTEUM sm mass of yellow-colored tissue that develops on the ovary & grows w/n the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; resopnsible for secreting progesterone to maintain high level of vascular supp to the uterine endometrium for implantation & pregnancy
CPD (CHRONIC PULMONARY DISORDER) persistant diseases of the lung, such as asthma or bronchopulmonary dysplasia, that interfere with normal breathing
CURETTAGE removal of tissue with a blunt or sharp curette by scraping the surface; performed to remove abnormal tissue, to obtain tissue for examination and diagnostic purposes, or to remove tissue from infected areas
DUB (DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING) abdominal uterine bleeding that is not due to a tumor, pregnancy, or infection, & occurs when menstration is not taken place
DYSTOCIA difficult labor due to various reasons, such as cephalopelvic distortion, fetus size, or condition or position of fetus
EPISIOTOMY the surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening and prevent tearing of the perineum and muscles during delivery
EXENTERATION refers to total removal of; usually used in reference to the surgical procedure of total pelvic exenteration, which involves in the removal of the vagina, uterus, and cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and rectum for surgical treatment of cancer
FIMBRIA finger like structures that form on an edge, such as the fimbria on the fallopian tubes
FISTULA abnormal communication between two normally separated internal structures, or an abnormal communication between an internal structure and the body surface
GRAVIDA refers to the pregnant female; the first pregnancy is referred to as gravidaI; additional pregnancies are numbered sequentially
LEEP (LOOP ELECTROSURGICAL EXCISION) surgical procedure that uses the electrosurgical unit coupled to a loop electrode on the cautery pencil; used to excise a cone of tissue to remove an area of neoplasia
LIGAMENT a band of fibrous issue composed of collagen that connects bone to bone
MARSUPIALIZATION incision of a closed cavity with the suturing of the opened edges to the wall of the wound to form an open wound that will heal by second intention
MYOMA a benign fibroid tumor of the uterus
OCCIPUT ANTERIOR the most common relationship between the presenting fetal part and the maternal body pelvis
PARITY the classification used to indicate the number of live and stillborne births that a female has delivered at more than 20 weeks of gestation
PERINEUM the area between the posterior portion of the vagina or scrotum and the opening of the anus
PFANNENSTIEL surgical transverse incision made in the lower abdomen, usually employed when performing a cesarean section
VESTIBULE an opening that serves as the enterance to a passage way, such as the vetibule of the vagina
FORNIX the annular recess created by the cervical-vaginal junction
where are the bartholin's glands located in the vestubule
what are the functions of the bartholin's glands they secrete a lubricating mucoid substance
what are the other two names of the fallopian tubes uterine tubes, oviducts
name the 2 hormones from the anterior pituitary that stimulate the ovarian cycle LH-lutenizing hormone, FSH-follicle stimulating hormone
name the 2 hormones that are produced by the ovary estrogen and progesterone
rounded prominent longitudinal flaps labia majora
area between the vaginal opening and anus perineum
the external female genitalia vulva
cavity between the labia minora containing the urethral meatus vestibule
secretes lubrication barholin's glands
rounded prominence over symphysis pubis mons pubis
erectile structure of the female anatomy clitoris
two flat cutaneous flaps containing sebaceous glands labia minora
rectal orifice anus
thin fold of membrane just inside the vaginal orifice hymen
the uterus is pear-shaped with a fundus, body, and cervix
the ligaments connecting to the pelvic wall include the cardinal, round, and infundibulopelvic
the posterior vaginal wall is ______ than the anterior vaginal wall longer
the normal cervix lies _______ to the fundus of the uterus anterior
the junction between the cervix and the vagina is called the external os
the graafian follicle releases the oocyte
the corpus luteum is responsible for releasing __________ to maintain the endometrial lining progesterone
the pituitary gland releases _____ and _____ to stimulate the development of an oocyte or ovum LH, FSH
blood flow is supplied to the uterus via branches of the internal iliac artery
the cornu of the fallopian tube is important in the prevention of endometriosis
what is used for prevention of perineal lacerations episiotomy
fetus head too large for matenal birth canal CPD
mother and infant relationship bonding
largest diameter of head encircled by vulvular ring crowning
number of times giving birth para
descent of presenting part of fetus in relation to ischial spines station
opening of the cervix dilation
fetal part overlying pelvic inlet presentation
cervix softens and thins effacement
number of preganancies gravida
begins with the onset of true labor and is concidered complete whtn the cervix is fully dilated stage one of vaginal delivery
begins with complete dilation of the cervix and terminates with the birth of the infant stage two of vaginal delivery
is initiated with the birth of the infant and ends when the placenta is delivered stage three of vaginal delivery
begins at that point and is considered complete when mothers condition has stabilized stage four of vaginal delivery
what surgical intervention is commonly done during a normal vaginal delivary episiotmy
cord blood is collected routinely with every delivery, why check cord gases
fetal distress means? sustained low heart rate
most common reason for performing a c-section cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
cystocele prolapse of the bladder
possible sites for ectopic pregnancies fallopian tubes, peritoneal caity, ovary or uterine cervix
an incompetent cervix is a weakend cervix
procedure performed to treat an incompetent cervix cervical cerclage
leiomyoma benign lesions of the uterus
symptoms of endometriosis dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, dyschezia
what is a pedunculated lesion a small wound connected to the underlying tissue by small stalk
white stain for abnormal tissue acetic acid (vinegar)
prevention of adhesions 10% dextran 70
schiller test-abnormal no stain lugol's solution
causes uterine contraction methergine/pitocin
hemostasis agent monsel's solution
cryotherapy to remove lesion nitrous oxide or CO2
what is used to manipulate the vaginal mucosa during the anterior colporrhaphy allis-adair
what are the advantages of the LAVH better visualization of internal structures
microsurgical reanastomosis with dextran tuboplasty
excision of fibroids to preserve uterus for conception myomectomy
rectocele posterior colprrhaphy
bartholin's cyst marsupialization
incomplete spontaneous abortion or menorrhagia dilation and curettage
desires serilization colpotomy tubal ligation
endometrial visualization hysteroscopy
incompetent cervical os shirodkr cerlage
endocervical suspicious lesions or dysplasia cold conization
cystocele anterior colporrhaphy
ruptured ectopic pregnancy emergency salpingotomy
Created by: E.Ochoa
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