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csa 2

essential standard 7 - digital literacy

QuestionAnswer
Adware computer software that displays advertisements
Application also called an "app," it is computer software created for a particular task or tasks; it is increasingly used to mean software that is downloaded for use on cell phones
Bias a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment or prejudice
Blog a website that is regularly updated and operates like a journal with writing, opinions, experiences, photos, videos, and links to other information on it
Bystander one present but not taking part in a situation or event
Cell tower a site containing antennas and other electronic communications equipment, usually in a high place, that makes up a cell in a cellular network
Central Processing Unit (CPU) the central processing unit carries out the functions in a computer
Citation an act of quoting providing the specific source of the material
Cloud computing a computer network that allows for software and hardware to be placed on it, thereby removing the need to have them stored on your computer; some examples include word processing documents, e‐mail, and music files
Cookie a packet of data sent by an Internet server to a browser, which is returned by the browser each time it subsequently accesses the same server, used to identify the user or track their access to the server
Copyright exclusive rights given to someone who creates original work; the individual is protected for his or her lifetime and 50 years after his or her death
Coverage area refers to the area in which a service provider offers its communication service
Credible offering reason to be believed
Cyberbullying using technology to harm others through deliberate, repeated, and hostile attacks
Data package what the cell phone company charges for use of the internet of your smartphone
Database a computer system that stores enormous amounts of data
Dead zone an area where a cell phone does not receive a signal
Digital addiction a type of addiction characterized by a dependence on the use of digital technologies such as cell phones and computers
Digital security certificate a certificate given to websites that verifies whether a website is secure or not
Domain name a type of internet address such as .gov for government, .edu for educational institutions, .com for commercial sites, etc.
Downloading receiving data, such as a music or video file, from a server or another computer system
E‐mail electronic mail sent between computer networks
Emoticon the use of letters and punctuation in a message that indicates the emotion of the text (e.g., :) to mean happy)
E‐reader a device or computer program used for reading electronic books
Fair use a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work
Hacked getting hacked means that your computer or computer network has been broken into without your permission
Hard disk drive a computer device that reads, writes, and stores digital data
Hardware the physical parts of a computer
Hosting service a service, such as web hosting, that is usually operated by a company in order to provide access to the Internet through servers
HTTP a protocol or group of rules and functions that is used to transfer data over the World Wide Web; it is required before a web address in a URL and is indicated by "http://"
HTTPS group of rules and functions that is used to transfer data over the World Wide Web and is secure; it is used for websites that handle sensitive information that would require greater security, such as payments and bank account information
Identity theft a form of fraud where one person assumes the identity of another person
Intellectual property property created from an original thought or idea
Interference refers to any disruption or alteration of a signal in cell phones Internet
IP address a string of numbers that indicates the location of a computer or server; commonly referred to as a web address or URL
Location‐based service a service provided through cell phone networks and accessed by cell phones which uses location to provide information on various places like restaurants, offices, museums, schools, etc.
Malware computer software designed to harm a computer
Memory any data or information in a computer; it is commonly used to refer to read‐access memory (RAM) which is temporary and used to operate software; at times, it can also refer the amount of disk space available on a computer
MMS an abbreviation for multimedia messaging service, which allows for sending video, audio, pictures, ringtones, and any other media through a cell phone
Moore’s Law suggests that the number of transistors that can be placed in an integrated circuit will double every 18 months, making computer speeds increase exponentially; this law is related to other trends in digital technology
MP3 a common audio format for playback and storage of music on digital audio players
Multimedia content and media that combines different content forms, such as text, audio, animation, and still images
Open source a way in which software is developed that allows access to the source code of an application or software and is free to update and use
Operating system a group of software programs that provide instructions to a computer so that it may operate
Piracy the unauthorized reproduction or copying of music, video, or literature without proper compensation or permission
Plagiarism representing the language or thoughts of an author as your own, without indicating where the information is from
Plug‐in something you can add to a software application to enhance its abilities
Presentation a computer program used to display information, normally in the form of a slide show
Processor another term for the CPU of a computer—the central processing unit that runs computer programs
Programming the process of designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code of computer programs
QR code Quick Response code; a type of two‐dimensional bar code, consisting of black modules in a square pattern on a white background, that can hold a large amount of any kind of data
RAM computer memory that is temporarily used to allow programs to operate, which would be quicker than if they accessed ROM
Roaming the extension of service or coverage in a wireless telecommunications system
Search engine a computer program that locates information on the web
Server a computer or series of computers that link other computers together and often store important information
Server farm a cluster of computer servers used when there is the need for large server capacity and capability
Service Provider a company or organization that offers a service, such as web, cable television, or phone access
Sexting the act of sending inappropriate sexual material, usually text or images, between cell phones
Signal strength refers to the strength of a connection over a wireless (radio) telecommunication system
Smartphone a cell phone that is designed to perform various computer applications including, but not limited to email, browsing the web, playing video games, playing music, and watching videos
SMS also known as short message service; it is a text messaging service for cell phones
Social media media that use Internet and cell phone applications to interact, collaborate, and create content
Social network a website designed for groups of people who publish their own information and share it with others such as friends, family, co‐workers, etc.
Software a group of computer programs that give instructions to a computer so that it functions
Spam e‐mail that’s sent to large group of people who didn't sign up to receive it; spam often requests information or money or may contain viruses
Spreadsheet a computer application that simulates a paper accounting worksheet
Spyware a type of malware that unknowingly collects information from a computer
SSL an abbreviation for Secure Sockets Layer; it is a protocol that provides security when communicating on the Internet
STEM refers to careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
Tablet a highly portable computer shaped like slate or pad of paper, featuring a touch screen
Template a standard display design used in blogs to provide a structure for information to be viewed
Textspeak abbreviations and slang commonly used to shorten a text or instant message, like using "?s" for "questions"
Uploading sending data, such as a music or video file, from a local computer system to another computer system or server
URL the address of a website
Viral an object or pattern that is quickly replicated and shared
Virus a type of malware that replicates itself and spreads to other computers
Web 2.0 refers to applications on the web that allow users to interact through user‐generated content, design, and collaboration; includes the functions of social media websites
Web browser software that allows for navigating the web; it is different from a search engine in that it provides a window in which to search, but does not search itself
Webcam a video camera for computers typically used to provide real‐time video footage
Wi‐Fi networking technology that allows computer devices such as personal computers, laptops, and cell phones to communicate over a wireless signal
Wiki a website that allows users to add and edit interlinking web pages
Word processing a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of printable material
WWW called "World Wide Web" or simply, "the web," it is a portion of the Internet that can be used through a web browser
Created by: spencercte