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Phys Dys Chpt 3

QuestionAnswer
Adjustments to physical dysfunction repression, projection, displacement,sublimation, aggression, dependency, regression, reationalization, compensation,fantasy
repression removing painful memeories from awareness
projection things that are unacceptable to the self are shifted onto others Negative attitudes about disabled persons shifted onto therapists or family
displacement cause of a disability directed onto someone else
sublimation channeling energy from prohibited goals to more socially acceptable ones. Anger and aggression should be channeled into constructive activities
aggression can be hostile which is very disruptive and aggressive can be beneficial when used to help a person be assertive
dependency Keeping family or personnel close by and requiring more care than what is necessary. Have a helpless attitude
regression feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that worked well for coping in the past. Way of denying reality
rationalization unconscious justification ofthought/ behavior with reasons that are mre acceptable to ego than the actual reasons (blaming incidntl causes for problems, devaluing unobtainable goalsfinding some advntge in undesrble sit, mently balncing neg and pos traits
compensation making up for deficit in one area by capitalizing on strengths in another
fantasy way to gain satisfaction not available in real life, used to cope, can be channeled constructively through role play
personal reaction feelings of low self worth and worthlessness to others
societal reaction (avoidance and rejection) People avoid or reject disable/deformed persons to aboid feeling threatened. Some may display pity or excessive curiosity
societal nonacceptance disabled person may feel ostracized when others when others are resistant or reluctant to interact socially, apparent acceptance - person conveys acceptance and inclusion, but the feelings/attitudes are not geniune,
societal nonacceptance (cont) inabilty to get to know someone as they really are, inpatient about slowness and difficulties with performance
spread factor nondisables persons tend to judge disabled person in terms of apparent physical limitation as well as spychological factors assumed to be associated with the disability
adjustments to physical dysfunction shock, expectancy of recovery, mourning, defensive A, Defensive B, adjustment
shock numbness and an inability to integrate or comprehend the magnitude of the event
expectancy of recovery (denial) few days to 2-3 months. "recovery will be quick and complete. The person hopes that the situation will be reversed in the future
mourning realization that the disabilty is permanent. may require intervention of specialists i psychiatry or psychology. May xternalize hostility and blame for loss to family
Defensive A may be considered healthy, motivation to learn to function with disabilty increases significantly. Pleased with accomplishments
Defensive B uses defense mechanisms to deny the continued existence of a partial barrier imposed by the disabilty. May project negative feelings to others. Clt may regress to earlier stage and remain there permanently