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ibca vocab

QuestionAnswer
section of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computions and logical operations Arithmetic/logic unit(ALU)
machine language that is made up of only Os and 1s Binary
a single zero or a single one in machine language bit
a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored BIOS ROM
a a sigle character in computer language; eight bits are equal to one byte byte
microprocessor that is the brains of the computer central processing unit(CPU)
thin plate or board that contains electronic components circuit board
an electronic device that recieves data(input) , processes data, stores data, and produces a result(output) computer
coordinates all of the processor's activities control unit
text, numbers, sound, images, or video data
a single chip that contains two seperate processors dual-core processor
perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or MP3 player embedded computers
a special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labeled and given a location file allocation table(FAT)
used to store data inside the computer; removable versions available hard disks
the actual machine-wires, transistors, and ciruits-in computer system hardware
output produced by the computer information
short term or long term way to store a file or information memory
small general-purpose computers that can generly fit into the palm of your hand mobile devices
circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components motherboard
an expansion that provides for more than two seperate processors multicore processor
a hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the user's local system network drive
small personal computers that contain the moitor with a built-in keyboard; also called laptop computers notebook computers
short term memory located on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write to temporarily random access memory(RAM)
stores specific instructions needed forcomputer operations read-only memory(ROM)
used to extend disk space on a server and eliminate the addition of more hard disk or other storage devices remote storage
a general-purpose computer that can support a few users of hundreds of users; variations includefile server, database server, and web server server
instructions or programs for controlling the computer software
fastest type of computer; used for specialized applicationsto process enormous amounts of data super computer
personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad; used with a stylus or digital pen on a touch screen tablet pc
circles on a magnetic storage device where data is stored or retrieved tracks
small removable solid-state storage device USB flash drive
Created by: b3ar97