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Module 1 - Lesson 1


Arithmetic/Logic Unit (ALU) section of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operations.
Binary machine language that is made up of only 0s and 1s.
Bit a single zero or a single one ine machine language.
BIOS ROM a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored.
Byte a single character in computer language; eight bits are equal to one byte.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) microprocessor that is the brains if the computer.
Circuit Board thin plate or board that contains electronic componets.
Computer an electronis device that recives data, processes data, stores data, and produces a result.
Control Unit coordinates all of the processor's activites.
Data text, numbers, sound, images, or video.
Dual-core Processor a single chip that conatins two separate processors.
Embedded Computers perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or an MP3 player.
File allocation Table (FAT) a special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labeled and given a location.
Hard Disks used to store data inside the computer; removable versions aslo avalible.
Hardware the actual machine-wires, transitions, nad circuts-in acomputer.
Information output produced by a computer.
Memory short term or long term way to store a file or information.
Moblie Devices small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into the palm of your hand.
Motherboard circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components.
Multicore Processor an expansion that provides for more than two separate processors.
Network Drive a hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the user's local system.
Notebook Computers small personal computers that contain the monitor with a buit-in keyboard; also called laptop computers.
Random Access Memory (RAM) short term memory located on the motherboard tht the computer can read from and write to temporarily.
Read-only Memory stores specific instructions needed for computer operations.
Remote Storage used to extend disk space on aserver and eleminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices.
Server a general-purpose computer tat can support a few users or hundreds of users; variations include file sever, database sever,and web sever.
Software instuctions or programs for controlling the computer.
Supercomputer fastest type of computer; used for specilized applications to process enormous amounts of data.
Tablet PC personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad; used with a stylus or digital pen on a touch screen.
Tracks circles on a magntic storage device where ata is stored or retrived.
USB Flash Drive small removable solid-stae storage drive.
Created by: jscamp123