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module 1 - lesson 1

vovabulary

QuestionAnswer
arithmetic/logic unit (ALU) section of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operations.
binary machine language that is made up of only 0s and 1s.
bit a single zero or a single one in machine language.
BIOS ROM a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored.
byte a single character in computer language; eight bits are equal to one byte.
central processing unit (CPU) microprocessor that is the brains of the computer.
circuit board this plate or board that contains electronic components.
computer an electronic device that recieves data (input), process data, stores data, and producers a result (output).
control unit coordinates all of the processor's activities.
data text, numbers, sound, images, or video.
dual-core processor a single chip that contains two separate processors.
embedded computers perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digitaal watch or an MP3 player.
file allocation table (FAT) a special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labeled and given a location.
hard disks used to store data inside the computer; removable versions also avaailable.
hardware the actual machine-wires,transistors,and circuits-in a computer system.
information outout produced by a computer.
memory shrt term or long term way to store a file or information.
mobile devices small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into the palm of your hand.
motherboard circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components.
multicore processor an explanation that provides for more than two separate processor.
network drive a hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the user's local system.
notebook computers small personal computers that contains the monitor with a built-in key board;also called laptop computers.
random access memory (AOM) short term memory located on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write to temporarily.
read-only memory (ROM) stores specific instructions needed for computer operations.
remote storage used to extend disk space on a server and eliminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices.
server a general-purpose computer that can support a few users or hundreds of users; variation include file server, database server, and web server.
software instructions or program, for controlling the computer.
supercomputer fastest type of computer; used for specialized applications to process enormous amounts of data.
tablet pc personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad; used with a stylus or digital pen on a touch screen.
tracks circles on a magnetic storage device where data is stored or retrieved.
usb flash drive small removable solid-state storage device.
Created by: nikefreak001