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Module 1 - Lesson 1

IBCA Vocabulary

Serction of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operations. Arithmetic/logic unit (ALU)
Machine language that is made up of only 0s and 1s Binary
A single zero or a single one in machine language. Bit
A type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored. BIOS ROM
A single character in computer language;eight bits are equal to one byte. Byte
Microprocessor that is the brains of the computer. Centeral processing unit (CPU)
Thin plate or board that contains electronic components. Circuit board
An electronic device that receives data (input),processes data,stores data,and produces a result(output). Computer
Coordinates all of the processor's activities. Control unit
Text,numbers,sound,images,or video Data
A single chip that contains two separate processors. Dual-core processor
Perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or an MP3 player. Embedded computers
A special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labeled and given a location File allocation table (FAT)
Used to store data inside the computer;removable versions also available. Hard disks
The actual machine-wires,transistors,and circuits-in a computer system. Hardware
Output produced by a computer. Information
Short term or long term way to store a file or information. Memory
Small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into the palm of your hand. Mobile devices
Circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components. Motherboard
An expansion that provides for more than two separate processors. Multicore processor
A hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the user's local system. Network drive
Small personal computers that contain the monitor with a built-in keyboard;also called laptop computers. Notebook computers
Short term memory located on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write to temporarily. Random access memory
Stores specific instructions needed for computer operations. Read-only memory
Used to extend disk space on a server and eliminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices. Remote storage
A general-purpose computer that can support a few users or hundreds of users;variations include file server,database server,and Web server. Server
Instructions or programs for controlling the computer. Software
Fastest type of computer;used for specialized applications to process enormous amounts of data. Supercomputer
Personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad;used with a stylus or digital pen on a touch screen. Tablet PC
Circles on a magnetic storage device where data is stored or retrieved. Tracks
Small removable solid-state storage device. USB flash drive
Created by: Erinharris