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module 1 lesson 1

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
arithmetic/logic unit (ALU) section of central processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operation
binary machine language that is made up of only 0s and 1s
bit a single zero or a single one in machine language
BIOS ROM a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored
byte a single character in computer language; eight bits are equal to one byte
central processing unit microprocessor that is the brains of the computer
circuit board thin plate or board that contains electronic components
computer an electronic device that recieves data (input), process data, stores data, and produces a result (output)
control unit coordinates all of the processor's activities
data text, numbers, sound, images, or video
dual-core processor a single chip that contains two seperate processors
embedded computers perform specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or an MP3 player
file allocation table a special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labeled and given location
hard disks used to store data inside the computer; removable versions also available
hardware the actual machine-wires, transistors, and circuits-in a computer system
information output produced by a computer
memory short term or long term way to store a file or information
mobile devices small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into the palm of your hand
motherboard circuit board mounted in a computer case that contains integral components
multicore processor an expansion that provides for more than two separate processors
network drive a hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the users local system
notebook computers small personal computers that contains the monitor with a built-in keyboard; also called laptop computers
random access memory short term memory located on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write to temporarily
read-only memory (ROM) stores specific instructions needed for computers operations
remote storage used to extend disk space on a server and eliminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices
server a general-purpose computer that can support a few users or hundreds of users; variations include file server, database server, and web server
software instructions or programs for controlling the computer
supercomputer fastest type of computer; used for specialized applications to process enormous amounts of data
tablet PG personal computer similar in size and thickness to a notepad; used with a stylus or digital pen on a touch screen
tracks circles on a magnetic storage device where data is stored or retrieved
USB flash drive small removable solid-state storage device
Created by: T_Swizzle16