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Egypt Vocab

Flash Cards for Chapter 4

Old Kingdom a period of Egyptian history that lasted for about 500 years, from about 2700 B.C to 2200 B.C. This was the “age of pyramids.”
Middle Kingdom the period in Egyptian history that came after a 150-year period when Egypt had no pharaoh; this kingdom was known as the Period of Reunification and lasted from 2050 B.C. to 1750 B.C.
New Kingdom the “Golden Age” of Egypt; this kingdom lasted from 1550 B.C. to 1050 B.C. and was the time when Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
trade routes paths followed by traders; during the New Kingdom, many profitable trade routes were developed by the Egyptians
hieroglyphics the Egyptian writing system; it was a system that used picture symbols to represent sounds
papyrus a long-lasting , paper-like material made from the reeds of a papyrus plant; scribes wrote on papyrus using brushes and ink
Rosetta Stone this was a huge stone slab that was inscribed with hieroglyphics and two other written languages; this stone was the key to unlocking the code of hieroglyphics
sphinxes imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans; they often lined the path that lead to Egyptian temples
obelisk a tall four-sided stone pillar that is pointed on the top; the Washington Monument is an obelisk
cataracts rapids (areas of rough water) on the Nile River
elite people of wealth and power; these people, along with pharaohs, could afford to have mummies made
delta triangle-shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river; almost two-thirds of Egypt’s fertile farmland was in the Nile Delta
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family; King Menes began Egypt’s first dynasty
afterlife life after death; much of Egyptian religion focused on the afterlife, a place also called the Field of Reeds where all were young, healthy and happy
mummies specially-treated bodies wrapped in a cloth; Egyptians believed that the ka would recognize its body if it was preserved
pharaoh the title used by the rulers of Egypt
pyramids huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that meet in a point on the top
nobles people from rich and powerful families in ancient Egypt; priests and key government officials were nobles
Created by: iamawesome247