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CBA - 1st Sem Exam

Review framework terms for the 1st Semester Exam in CBA.

Central Processing Unit (CPU) Executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed: the "brain" of a computer
Logging on The action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password
Memory Computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Operating system System software that acts as the "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Output device A device that allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones or speakers
Save The process of storing data for later use
Save as A feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file, such as location, file name, or file type
System software Software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software and file management. Examples: BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Max OS X, Linux or utility software
Application Software Computer software created to allow the user to perform a specific job or task. Examples: Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Databases and Graphic software
File Management A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy or delete files, folders or an entire file system
File Type An extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document i.e. Word files end in .doc, .docx, Excel files end in .xls, .xlsx
Peripheral Additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used. Example: Scanner, Webcam, Computer joystick
System Unit A computer case that contains the CPU, power supply., memory, and storage
Storage Device External hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
Input Device Data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse
Alignment how text is positioned between the margins
Bullets and numbering a feature that allows the user to create bulleted or numbered paragraphs
Clip art pictures and drawings that can be inserted into a document
Columns appear vertically in a worksheet and are identified by letters at the top of the worksheet window
Copy and paste a method of copying text or a graphic; allows the user to place it in another location in a document
Cut and paste a method of moving text or a graphic; allows the user to place it in another location in a document
Desktop publishing using graphics and page design programs for publishing purposes
Drag and drop a quick method for copying and moving text a short distance
Edit to add, delete, or modify text or other elements of a file
Find and replace a feature that scans a document and searches for occurrences of specified text, symbols, or formatting and replaces it with other specified text, symbols, or formatting
Font the appearance of a character distinguished by typeface and size
Format the way text appears on a page
Graphic a line, circle, or box that has been created, or an image or illustration that is imported into the publication
Header text appearing at the top of each page, separate from the main body of text
Indent a feature that sets a temporary left, right, or left and right margin for paragraph text
Line spacing the height of a line of text, often measured in lines or points
Margins the distance between the edge of the text in the document and top, bottom, or side edges of the page
Point size measures the height of characters; approximately 1/72 of an inch
Sort allows the user to rearrange the order of words or numbers in a list or records in a database
Table a series of columns and rows in which data is entered, formatted, and organized
Template a designed and formatted document on which new documents are based
Thesaurus a feature that provides the user with synonyms for selected words
Word processing a software application that uses a computer, printer, and software to create, edit, and print text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos
Word wrap a feature that automatically advances text to the next line without pressing the enter key
Word art text created as a graphic image
footer text appearing at the bottom of each page, separate from the main body of a text
Ascending sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest
Automatic page break a feature that automatically generates a new page, allowing text fo flow to the new page when space runs out on the previous one; also known as a soft page break
Borders lines around the edge(s) of text, a page, a cell, or a table
Descending sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest
Hard Return a break in a line or a paragraph that is forced by the user when the return key is pressed, creating a new paragraph
Landscape orientation a page layout in which documents are printed across the length of a page, making the page wider than it is tall
Manual Page Break a page break the end user foces into a document, creating a new page at a specific location; also know and a Hard page break
Print Preview a feature that allows the user to view a document onscreen and make necessary formatting changes prior to printing it
Portrait orientation a page layout in which documents ar printed across the width of a page, making the page taller than it is wide
Shading/Fill the background color of a cell, table, or page
Spell Check a feature used to automatically locate and correct spelling errors
Tab Stop a formatting geature that allows the user to control where a line of tet will be entered and how the text will be aligned; so that when the tab key is pressed, the insertion point will move to thta location
View a feature that allows the user to view the current page of a document onscreen in a different ways
Wrap Text a feature that allows text to be included with pictures, shapes, or tables without covering or hiding under the image, giving the user control over how the text is position
Created by: ambillingsley