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What is the external rotation of the upper arm? With upper arm at the side of the body or with the upper arm abducted to 90 degrees, thumb is rotated upwards.
What are the four bones of the shoulder and upper arm? Sternum, Clavicle, Scapula, and Humerus.
What is protraction? Movement of the shoulder blades away from each other
What is retraction? Movement of the should blades towards each other.
What is elevation? Movement of the outer tip of the shoulder downwards towards a normal posture.
What is the difference between adduction and abduction? Abduction- movement of arms away from body Adduction- movement of arms towards the body
Which should bone is most commonly fractured? Clavicle
A shoulder is a dangerous condition that should be treated by medical personnel T/F True
A shoulder sprain should be treated as a ___________ until an X-ray shows otherwise Fracture
__________ should be the basic first aid treatment. PRICES
What happens to the nerves in an athlete who suffers from Brachial Plexus? The nerves stretch
Where is the Sternum located? On the anterior portion of the body
What does the Clavicle do? It supports the shoulder complex on the front of the body
What are the ligaments that make up the shoulder? Sternoclavicular, Acromioclavicular, Coracoclavicular, Glenohumeral
What are the 4 joints that make up the shoulder and upper arm? Sternoclavicular (SC), Acromioclavicular (AC), Coracoclavicular (CC), Glenohumeral (GH)
What floats on the back of the rib cage (also known as the thorax)? Scapula
What is the humerus? The long bone of the upper arm
What are the muscles that cross the shoulders glenohumeral joint and adds stability to the weak bony structure? Deltoid, Pectoralis major, Biceps, Triceps, Latissimus Dorsi, and the rotator cuff muscle group
What raises ribs for inspiration and draws the scapula forward and downward? Pectoralis Minor
What rotates the scapula for abduction and flexion of upper arm (protracts scapula)? Serratus Anterior
What muscle assists in flexion and pronation of the arm? Coracobrachialis
What muscles are responsible for retraction and rotation of the scapula? Rhomboids
What muscle assists in extension, adduction, and internal rotation of the arm? Teres Major
What are the muscles of the rotator cuff? SITS: supraspinatus; Infraspinatus; terre minor; subscapularis
What is the most common mechanism of an anterior dislocation of the glenohumoral joint? External rotation with abduction
An athlete tells you he had a "separated shoulder", what joint is he referring to? acromial clavicular jt. AC jt.
Created by: mhtgroup
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