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how many cervical vertebras make up the bones of the neck 7
the non-moveable bones of the head is called cranium
What does the spinal cord transmit impulses that control all voluntary and involuntary movements of the body
________- clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient impairment of neurological functions due to mechanical acceleration and deceleration forces acting on the brain A concussion
How does a concussion occur from the impact of the head rapidly accelerating and then being suddenly decelerated
What are the 3 different classifications of concussions Mild (1st degree) Moderate (2nd degree) Severe (3rd degree)
Once a concussion occurs, it is 4-6 more times likely to happen again. What is this called? Second-impact syndrome
What is the most common head injury in sports? Concussion
_________ __________ is an intracranial hemorrhage and can be fatal in 30 to 60 minutes. It is associated with a fracture of the temporal bone and results from a tear of the artery supplying the dura of the brain. Epidural Hematoma
_______ __________ occurs between the surface of the brain and the dura and often results from a torn venous sinus artery on the surface of the brain. Can develop over a period of days or weeks. Need CAT scan Subdural Hematoma
An Intracerebral Hematoma occurs where? Inside of the brain
What is another name for epistaxis? Nosebleed
Name two protective devices that could prevent dental injuries. Mouth pieces, face shields
What is the leading cause of death due to athletic head injuries? Intracranial Hemorrhage
List the four types of intracranial hemorrhage. Epidural, Subdural, Intracerebral, Subarachnoid
______ is the most rapidly progressing intracranial hemorrhage and can reach fatal size in 30 to 60 minutes. Epidural Hematoma
An athlete gets a blow to the head and he comes up to you and says, "things aren't quite right." What kind of head injury do you suspect the athlete is suffering from ? Subdural Hematoma
Moving the chin toward the chest is ____ flexion
When you look at the ceiling your neck is _____ extending
Touching your ear to the shoulders is ___ Lateral Flexion
A concussion with momentary mental confusion, equal pupils, and a mild headache is a _____ ______. Mild Concussion
______ concussion occur in highschool football each year. 375,000
A loss of consciousness > 5 minutes with obvious mental confusion is a _____ _____ severe concussion
Persistant headaches, blurred vision, irritability, tiredness, and personality changes are symptoms of ____ ____ ______. post concussion syndrome (PCS)
An Epidural Hematoma rapidly progressing can reach fatal size in ____-____ minutes. 30-60
List 3 signs and symptoms of a mild concussion momentary mental confusion; amnesia; pupils =; vision normal; tinnitus; mild headache; dizziness & disorientation
List 3 signs and symptoms of a moderate concussion loss of consciousness <5mintues; sligh mental; transient confusion; temporary loss of memory with possible retrograde or antergrade amenesia; normal pupils; tinnitus; vertigo; dizziness; nausea/vomiting
_____________ is loss of memory for events that occurred before the injury retrograde amnesia
_________ is loss of memory for events occuring immediately after the injury anterograde amnesia
List 3 signs/symptoms of a severe concussion. loss of consciousness >5 mintues; obvious mental confusion; amnesia; pupils - one or both dilated; vision - blurred/doubled; nystagmus - involuntary eye movement; photophobia - severe tinnitus; sensitivity to noise; headache; veritgo; nausea/vomiting
A ________ is usally the result of a direct blow to the nose. Epistaxis
_______________ or ______________are common terms for a stretching of the brachial plexus complex. burner or stinger
___________________ are great protective devices for preventing concucssions Mouth guards / mouth pieces
Created by: mhtgroup
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