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Diseast Path 2012

QuestionAnswer
Major Depressive Disorder psychosis (delusions, hallucinations), catatonia(bizarre motor behavior or immobility)Melancholia(inablilty to express pleasure) atypical findings that contrast w melancholia
Bipolar disorder diagnosed w occurance of 1 or more episodes of mania, hypomania or mixed mood episodes. Rapic cycling - at least 4 episodes mood disturbance during a period of 1 year. (Usually indication of sevre illness, like endless rollercoaster they can't getoff of
mania persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood lasting at least 1 wk (bipolar) most severe form
hypomania state of mania that is not severe enought to occupational fnct or require hospitalization and no psychotic features (bipolar II)
mixed mood criteria for both mania and major depression are met concurrently over a perod of 1 week
catatonia bizarre motor behavior or immobility
delusional patient atypical, well organized beliefs yet not explained by evidence or culture. Many reflect lit. such as the Bible, poetry, novels, historical and political events
rapid cycling at least 4 episodes of mood disturance during a period of 1 year
continuation phase over several months, goal is to maintain a normal mood state and prevent relapse
anxiety apprehension of danger, and dread accompanied by restlessess, tension, tachycardia, and dyspnea unattached to a clearly identifiable stimulus
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder- excessive bhvr such as hand washing may temporarily relieve the tension brought about by the obsessions
common obsessions of OCD include fears of germs, fear of harm to self or others, excessive concern for orderliness, fear of making a mistake, fears of social embarrassment, constant thoughts of a number, sound or word
Common behaviors for pts with OCD handwashing & excessive cleanliness of skin, chcking and rechcking or appliances to assure they are turned off, doors, to make sure they are locked, counting to a specific number repeatedly, arranging items in a rigid specific order, hoarding
PTSD pts relive traumatic event over/over to point of becoming emotionally numb, experience chronic anxiety, exaggerated startle response, trouble w concentration on tasks, nightmares, insomnia
3 categories of panic attack unexpected (come out of blue and for no specific reason) situationally bound - situational such as when drving over bridge or going to dentist situationally predisposed - indvdl may have attacks, but they are not consistent