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Intro to Design Ch 1

Intro to Design Chapter 1 New Ulm

QuestionAnswer
symbol something that stands for, or represents, something else.
elements of art the rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art. Have an influence on the way art communicates rhythm, movement, balance, proportion, variety, emphasis, harmony, and unity.
medium the materials used to make art are called media (plural for medium). Clay, wood, fiber, pencil, paper, paint, etc. are all artists media.
perception the act of looking at something carefully and thinking deeply about what is seen.
Drawing the process of moving a pointed instrument over a smooth surface to leave a mark. The mark is a line. Line is the most important element of art in drawing
Painting the process of applying color to a surface using tools such as a brush, knife, roller or even fingers and sticks.
pigment finely ground powder that gives paint its color. Produced by chemicals or by grinding materials
binder the liquid that holds the grains of pigment in a form that can be spread over a surface
solvent the material used to thin the binder to provide adhesive qualities.
Printmaking a process in which an artist repeatedly transfers an original image from one prepared surface to another. All real prints are made in three steps: creating the plate, inking the plate, transferring the image.
edition a series of identical prints made from the same plate
relief printing this method involves the artist cutting away sections of a surface not meant to hold ink
intaglio process in which the ink is forced into lines hat have been cut or etched into a metal or acrylic surface, while the remaining surface is wiped clean.
ithography printmaking process based on the principal that ink and water do not mix. The image is formed using a grease crayon. the surface is chemically treated and then inked.
screen printing print method that used a stencil placed on a fabric screen stretched on a frame. Ink is pushed through the stencil onto a printing surface.
serigraph a handmade screen print
Photography technique of capturing optical images on a light-sensitive surface. Decisions regarding subject, composition, light conditions, lens opening and shutter speed make this a true artistic process.
Sculpture an art process that involves creating artwork that takes up space (3D)
freestanding sculpture artwork surrounded on all sides by space.
relief type of sculpture in which forms project from a flat surface
modeling additive process in which the sculptor gradually adds more and more material to build a form
carving sculptor cuts or chips a form from a mass of material. This is a subtractive process.
casting melted metal or wax, or another liquid material is poured into a mold to harden
assembly modern technique in which the artist gathers and joins together a variety of different materials. Many involve welding, gluing, or other attachment methods.
Works of art may be defined by what three basic properties, or features? subject, composition, and content
nonobjective art art that has no recognizable subject matter, but still has aesthetic and artistic features
Composition the way the principles of design are used to organize the elements in the piece.
Credit Line list of important facts about a work of art. Contains the name, title of work, year it was created, medium used by the artist, size of the work, location of the work (where it is housed, including city, state, country and gallery
Content the message that the piece communicates
Created by: gcowing