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BusAd101 ch.10

Ball State Business

Production use of resources, such as workers and machinery, to convert materials into finished goods and services.
Production and Operations Management oversee the production process by managing people and machinery in converting materials and resources into finished goods and services.
Mass Production a system for manufacturing products in large quantities through effective combinations of employees, with specialized skills, mechanization, and standardization.
Assembly Line moves the product along a conveyor belt past a number of workstations where workers perform specialized tasks such as welding, painting, installing individual parts, and tightening bolts.
Flexible Production usually more cost-effective for producing smaller runs.
Customer-driven Production system that evaluates customer demands in order to make the connection between products manufactured and products bought.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED - voluntary certification program administered by the U.S. Green Building Council, aimed at promoting the most sustainable construction processes available.
Computer-aided Design (CAD) process that allows engineers to design components as well as entire products on computer screens faster and with fewer mistakes than they could achieve working with traditional drafting systems.
Computer-aided Manufacturing (CAM) computer tools to analyze CAD output and enable a manufacturer to analyze the steps that a machine must take to produce a needed product or part.
Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) production facility that workers can quickly modify to manufacture different products.
Computer-integrated Manufacturing (CIM) production system in which computers help workers design products, control machines, handle materials, and control the production function in an integrated fashion.
Environmental Impact Study how a proposed plant would affect the quality of life in the surrounding area.
Process Layout groups machinery and equipment according to their functions.
Product Layout another name for assembly line, process moves along this line past workstations.
Fixed-position Layout product stays in one spot, and workers, materials, and equipment come to it.
Customer-oriented layout facility is arranged to enhance the interactions between customers and its services.
Make, Buy, or Lease Decision choosing whether to manufacture a product or component in house, purchase it from an outside supplier, or lease it.
Inventory Control function requiring production and operations managers to balance the need to keep stock on hand to meet demand against the costs of carrying inventory.
Just-in-Time System broad management philosophy that reaches beyond the narrow activity of inventory control to influence the entire system of production and operations management.
Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) computer-based production planning system that lets a firm ensure that it has all the parts and materials it needs to produce its output at the right time and place and in the right amounts.
Production Control creates a well-defined set of procedures for coordinating people, materials, and machinery to provide maximum production efficiency.
Routing determines the sequence of work throughout the facility and specifies who will perform each aspect of the work at what location.
Scheduling managers develop timetable that specify how long each operation in the production process takes and when workers should perform it.
Gantt Chart tracks projected and actual work progress over time.
Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart that seeks to minimize delays by coordinating all aspects of the production process.
Critical Path sequence of operations that requires the longest time for completion.
Dispatching the phase of production control in which management instructs each department on what work to do and the time allowed for its completion.
Follow-up phase of production control in which managers and employees or team members spot problems in the production process and come up with solutions.
Quality good or service that is free of deficiencies.
Benchmarking process of determining how well other companies perform business functions or tasks.
Quality Control measuring output against established quality standards.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) organization whose mission is to develop and promote international Standards for business, government and society to facilitate global trade and cooperation
Created by: aburris



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