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Endocrine (Exam 3)

QuestionAnswer
A substance secreted by an endocrine gland that is transmitted via blood or body cells... Hormone
Influences the metabolism of cells and the growth and development of body parts... Hormone
Amino acid hormones that bind to a receptor on the outside of a cell... Peptide
Hormones that activate a second messenger... Peptide
Lipid hormones that bind to DNA and activate a gene... Steroid
The brain receives sensory information from the body and makes necessary hormone adjustments... Nervous mechanism
Hormone release can be controlled by specific stimulating or inhibiting hormones... Hormonal mechanisms
A stimulus causes the body to respond... Negative feedback
Blood calcium falls too low and the PTH activates osteoclasts to break down bone to release calcium. This is an example of which mechanism? Negative feedback
The production of glucagon in the pancreas inhibits the release of insulin. This is an example of which mechanism? Hormonal
You eat a meal and the brain signals the PNS to release insulin from the pancreas. This is an example of which mechanism? Nervous
The hypothalamus is attached to the... Pituitary gland
The hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary, and the glands controlled by the anterior pituitary are all involved in... self-regulating negative feedback
To make these thyroid hormones, the gland needs... iodine
PTH increases... blood calcium levels
The adrenal cortex is controlled by the... anterior pituitary
Created by: cherrywashere