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Cosmetology ch.8

Albinism Congential hypopigmentation, or absense of melanin pigment in the body
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Abbriviated ACD, an allergy to an ingredient or a chemical, usually caused by repeated skin contact with chemicals.
Anerobic Cannot survive in the presence of oxygen.
Anhidrosis Deficency in presperation, ofthen a result of fever or certain skin dieases.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Most common and least severe type of skin cancer.
Bromhidrosis Foul-smelling presperation, usually noticable in armpit or feet.
Bulla (Plural Bullae) Large blister containing a watery fluid.
Chloasma Also known as liver spots.
Closed Comedo Also known as whitehead.
Conjunctivitis Also known as pinkeye.
Contact Dermatitis An inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances.
Crust Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while its healing.
Cyst Closed, abnormally developed sac that contains fluid.
Dermatitis Inflammatory condition of the skin.
Dyschromias Abnormal colorations of the skin that accompany many skin disorders and systemic disorders.
Eczema An inflammatory, uncomfortable, and chronic diease of the skin.
Excoriation Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Extrinsic Factors Primarily environmental factors that contribute to the aging and apperance of aging.
Fissure A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis.
Free Radicals Unstable molecules that cause biochemical againg, wrinkiling and sagging of skin.
Herpes Simplex Recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore.
Hyperhidrosis Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness.
Hyperpigmentation Absence of pigment, resulting in light or white splotches.
Impetigo Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions.
Intrinsic Factors Skin-aging factors over which we have little control.
Keloid Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue.
Keratoma Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis.
Lentigines (singular: lentigo) Technical term for freckles.
Lesion Mark on the skin, may indicated injury or damage.
Leukoderma Skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches.
Macule (plural: maculae) Flat spot or discoloration on the skin.
Malignant Melanoma Most serious form of skin cancer.
Milia Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening.
Miliaria Rubra Also known as prickly heat.
Mole Small, brownish spot or blemishon the skin.
Nevus Also known as a birthmark.
Nodule A solid bump larger than .4 inches.
Noncomedogenic Product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles.
Primary Lesions Lesions that are a different color than the color of the skin.
Psoriasis Skin diease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales.
Retention Hyperkeratosis The hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle.
Rosacea Chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose.
Scale Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes.
Scar Also known as Cicatrix.
Sebaceous Cyst A large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebum.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Skin condition caused by inflammation of the sebaceous glands.
Secondary Skin Lesions Characterized by piles of material on the skin surface.
Sensitization Allergic reastion created by repeated exposure to a chemical or a substance.
Skin Tag A small brown color or flesh colored outgrowth of the skin.
Squamous cell carcinoma Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma.
Stain Abnormal brown-colored or wine-colored skin discoloration with circular and or irregular shape.
Tan Change in pigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light.
Telangiectasis Distended or dilated surface blood vessels.
Tubercle Abnormal, Rounded, Solid lump above, within, or under the skin.
Tumor An abnormal mass varying in size, shapr, and color.
Ulcer Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body.
Verruca Also known as a wart.
Vesicles Small blister or sac containing clear fluid.
Vitiligo Hereditary condition that causes hypopgimented spots and splotches on the skin.
Wheal Itchy, swollen lesions that last only a few hours.
Created by: kelcie.friend



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