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ASM Vocab Final

WordsDefinition
Apnea temporary cessation of breathing
Anoxia lack of oxygen
Apophysis bony outgrowth where muscles attach
Arthroscopy viewing of a joint with a small video camera lens
Avascular lack of blood circulation
Axilla armpit
Brachial Plexus network of nerves from lower cervical spine
Collagen the major protein of connective tissues
Concentric muscle shortens while contracting against resistance
Conduction heating through direct contact with hot medium
Adhesions tissues bound by inflammation
Conjunctiva mucous membrane that lines the eye
Debride removal of dirt and dead tissue from wound
Dermatome segmental skin area innervated by various segments of the spinal cord
Diplopia double vision
Dypnea difficult or painful breathing
Eccentric muscle contraction and stretch of muscle/tendon unit by extrinsic force
Electrolyte solution that is a conductor of electricity
Enzyme organic catalyst that can cause chemical changes without being changed
Epilepsy chronic disorder caused by sudden attacks of brain dysfunction
Epiphysis cartilaginous growth region of a bone
Epistaxis nosebleed
Erthema swelling and red discoloration of the skin
Etiology science dealing with causes of injury or disease
Exostosis bony outgrowth where there is not a typical bony formation
Fascia fibrous membrane that covers, supports, and seperates muscles
Fibrocartilage type of cartilage that contains visible collagenous fibers
Flexibility range of motion in a given joint or combination of joints
Fossa cavity or hollow
Fracture a break or crack in a bone
Furuncle boil
Ganglion herniation of synovium surrounding a tendon
Genu valgum knock knee
Genu varum bowleg
Goniometer used to measure joint angles
Glycogen storage form of glucose in liver and muscles
Hemoglobin red respiratory protein that transports oxygen from lungs to tissues
Hemothorax bloody fluid in the pleural cavity
Hernia protrusion of a part of an organ/tissue through an abnormal opening
Histamine powerful inflammatory chemical
Hyperemia unusual amount of blood in a body part
Hyperglycemia excessively high level of blood sugar
Hypermobility extreme mobility of a joint
Hypertension high blood pressure
Hyphemia bleeding in the anterior portion of the eye
Hypoxia lack of an adequete amount of oxygen
Idiopathic cause of a condition is unknown
Impetigo an acute contagious skin disease
Innervation nerve stimulation of a muscle
Ipsilateral situated on the same side
Ischemia lack of blood flow
Kyphosis exaggeration of the normal curve of the thoracic spine
Leukocytes white blood cells
Lordosis abnormal curvature of the lumbar spine
Malacia softened state
Myalgia muscle pain
Neuroma tumor consisting of mostly nerve cells and fibers
Osteoarthritis chronic disease involving joints
Pallor paleness or absence of skin coloration
Palmar ventral aspect of the hand
Paraplegia paralysis of lower portion of body and both legs
Paresthesia abnormal or unique sensation
Pathogenic disease producing
Proprioceptor one of several sensory receptors
Pyrexia fever; febrile condition
Quadriplegia paralysis affecting all four limbs
Rhinitis runny nose (common cold)
Rubor redness of skin
Scoliosis lateral and/or rotary curvature of the spine
Seizure sudden onset of uncoordinate muscular activites and changes in consciousness lasting an unpredictable time
Symptom subjective evidence of an abnormal situation with the body
Synarthroses immovable joints
Syndrome group of typical symptoms characterizing a deficiency or disease
Thrombus a blood clot that blocks a small blood vessel or a cavity of the heart
Vertigo loss of balance
Created by: anna_banana_2010