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Haney c6 sports med

QuestionAnswer
Blisters occur where_________ exist. Friction
The most common ankle injury is a_________. Sprain
The mechanism of injury for an ankle sprain is similar to what? Stepping in a hole
The most common sprain is (medial/lateral). Lateral
How many arches are in the foot? 4
Name 1 of the 2 serious injuries commonly mistaken for shin splints? Stress fracture anterior compartment syndrome
Turf toe is the_______ of the big toe. Sprain or hyperextension
If left untreated plantar fasciitis can lead to? (name 2) Heel spurs, muscle strains, and shin splints
To help stay balanced both shoes should be padded? (T/F) True
A heel spur is a boney growth on the________? Calcaneus
A muscle cramp is a sudden________contraction. Involuntary
A small crack in the bone is known as a_________? Stress fracture
The strongest tendon in the body is the_______. Achilles tendon
Misdiagnosis of anterior compartment syndrome can lead to_______? Permanent tissue damage
What four bones make up the ankle? Tibia, fibula, talus, calcaneous
What is the long slender bone that is on the lateral side of the lower leg? Fibula
What is the difference between dorsiflexion and plantar flexion? Dorsiflexion decreases the angle between the foot and the lower leg while plantar flexion increases it
What is it called when a body segment is moved away from the midline of the body? Abduction
What bones make up the foot? Talus, calcaneous, navicular, cuboid, cuneiforms, metatarsals, phalanges and sesamoids
What are the four arches of the foot? Metatarsal, transverse, medial longitudinal, lateral longitudinal
What is a function of the tibialis anterior? Dorsiflexes foot, inverts and adducts foot
What is plantar flexion? The act of drawing the toe or foot toward the plantar aspect of the proximally conjoined body segment (increasing angle in between the top of the foot and the leg)
Abduction is the movement of a body segment toward the midline of the body. True or false? False
When there is an inversion, does the sole of the foot turn inward or outward? Outward
What are the ligaments in the foot? Anterior talofibular, calcaneofibular, posterior talofibular, anterior tibiofibular, posterior tibiofibular, deltoid, long plantar, plantar calcaneonavicular
What are the joints in the ankle? Talocrual, metatarsophalangeal, tarsomerararsal, subtalar, cuneonavicular, calaneocuboid, talonavicular, cuneocuboid, talocalcaneonavicular
What does the gastrocnemius do? Plantar flexes foot, flexes lower leg
Adduction is the movement of a body segment away from the midline of the body. True or False? False
What does the popliteus do? Flexes the knee, medial rotation of flexed leg
List the 4 arches of the foot Medial; longitudinal; metatarsal; transverse
What is the most commonly injured structure in athletics? ankle
In regards to an inversion (lateral) ankle sprain, List 1 on the 3 ligaments that may be damaged. anterior talofib; calfib; posterior talofib
What is another term more commonly used for a great toe sprain? turf toe
What is another term used for medical tibial stress syndrome? shin splints
List possible causes of muscle cramps. Fatique; dehydrate; fractures; lack of electrolytes; poor flexibility; previous injury; improperly fitted equipment
If the 2nd toe is longer than the 1st toe, the person is said to have _________ ________ Morton's Toe
_________ ____________ __________ is excessive swelling in the anterior area of the lower leg. This should be treated as a medical emergency Anterior Compartment Syndrome
_______ ___________ is the act of drawing the toe or foot toward the ground. plantar flexion
________ __________ is the act of drawing the toe or foot towards your body dorsi flexion
An athlete tells you she has everted her ankle/foot and has pain just below her medical maleous. What structure might be injured? deltoid ligament
The ___ ___ is a wide, non-elastic ligamentous tissue that extends from the anterior portion of the calcaneus to the heads of the metatarsals, supplying support to the longitudinal arch of the foot. plantar fasciitis
The ____ _____ is the strongest tendon of the body. List 3 possible mechanisms of injury. achilles tendon; overuse; muscle imbalance; inflex; or a sudden movement
Created by: mhtgroup