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Rhetorical Terms 1

Ms. Hamon Rhetorical Terms List 1

Litotes Understatement; a statement that says less then what it means. The opposite of HYPERBOLE.
Hyperbole Overstatement; a figure of speech in which the author over-exaggerates to accomplish some purpose, usually emphasis.
Anecdote A brief story used in an essay to illustrate a point.
Details Facts that are revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone in a piece of poetry or prose.
Imagery Words or phrases that create pictures or images in the reader's mind; description based on any of the five senses.
Parallelism Recurrent syntactical similarity. In this structural arrangement, several parts of a sentence or several sentences are developed and phrased similarly to show that the ideas in the parts ir sentences are equal in importance.
Antithesis A figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting word, clauses, or ideas, as in "Man proposes, God disposes." Antithesis is a balancing of one term against another.
Aphorism A brief, sometimes clever saying that expresses a principle, truth, or observation about life.
Metaphor A comparision in which an unknown item is understood by directly comparing it to a known item
Simile An indirect comparison using "like" or "as"
Diction A writer's/speakers choice of words intended to convey a particular effect.
Syntax The arrangement of word and the order of grammatical elements in a sentence.
Logos An appeal to the logic of the readers/audience.
Pathos An appeal to the emotions of the readers/audience.
Ethos An appeal based on the credibility of the author.
Created by: Mark Moreno



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