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Vocab chapter 11

-crin to secrete
endocrine pertaining to internal secretions
diuret- to pass urine
diuretic substance that promotes urine production
endo- within
endocrine gland gland that releases its secretion to the outside through a duct
hyper- above
hyperthyroidism Condition resulting from an above normal secretion of thyroid hormone
hypo- below
hypothyroidism condition resulting from a below-normal secretion of the thyroid gland
para- beside
parathyroid glands set of glands located on the surface of the thyroid gland
toc- birth
oxytocin hormone that stimulates the uterine muscles to contract during childbirth
-tropic influencing
tropic hormone hormone that stimulates the secretion of another hormone
adrenal cortex outer portion of the adrenal gland
adrenal medulla inner portion of the adrenal gland
anterior pituitary front lobe of the pituitary gland
hormone substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or body fluids transports
negative feedback system mechanism activated by an imbalance that corrects the imbalance
pancreas glandular organ in the abdominal cavity that secretes hormones and digestive enzymes
pineal gland small structure in central part of brain that secretes the hormone melatonin, which controls certain biological rhythms
posterior pituitary lobe of pituitary gland that secretes oxytocin and antidurietic hormone
prostaglandin group of compounds with powerful hormonelike effects
target cell specific tissue on which a hormone exerts its effect
thymus gland glandular organ in mediastinum behind sternum and between lungs
thyroid gland endocrine gland just below larynx and in front of trachea that secretes thyroid hormones
Created by: caitlynnham



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