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Psych ch. 11

psych test

Founder of Psychoanalytic Theory Freud
Structure of personality - 3 parts ID / Ego / Super Ego
ID "Wanting what it wants now" - True Psychic Reality
Ego Decision maker - Mediates between ID & Super Ego *takes charge*
Super Ego "Whats right from wrong" - irrational, doesnt make sense.
Freuds stages of development (5) Oral / Anal / Phallic / Latency / Genital
Oral stage (3) (0-1 1/2 years old) Fixation Oral Receptive Oral Aggressive
Oral Fixation Incomplete resolution of stage
Oral Receptive Taking things in (Smoking / Biting nails)
Oral Aggressive Sarcastive / Argumentative
Anal stage (1 1/2- 3 years) Anal retentive Anal Expulsive
Anal Retentive Stingy / Orderly / Neat / Stubborn
Anal Expulsive Creul/ Messy/ Destructive/ Disorderly
Phallic Stage (3 - 6 years) Oedipital Complex
Oedipital Complex (3 - 5 years) Boys : Castration anxiety Girls : Electra Complex, penis envy
Castration Anxiety Renounce mom and identifies with father
Electra Comnplex Does away with mom wanting Father
Latency Stage (6 - 11 years) Quieting of sexual drives
Genital Stage (Anytime after 11) More reality oriented Focused on others
Ego Defense Mechanisms 1. Coping Devices (unconscious) 2. Types
Repression Excluding anxiety and provoking thoughts from consciousness
Displacement Conflict is transferred from original source to less threatening object
Projection You perceive others traits that make you feel uncomfortable
Reaction Formation Transform unacceptable impulse into it's opposite
Regression retreating to earlier deviation level (Hard day)
Denial Refusal to perceive unpleasant reality
Intellectualization exaggerated emphasis on thought
Rationalization Giving false but acceptable excuses
Sublimation Using socially useful substitutes (unacceptable impulses)
Ego defense Mechanism types (9) 1. Repression 2. Displacement 3. Projection 4. Reaction Formation 5. Regression 6. Denial 7. Intelleectualization 8. rationalization 9. Sublimation
Founders of Neoanalytic Theory (7) Alfred Adler Carl Jung Erik Erikson Anna Freud Klein, Kernberg, Kohut
Neoanalytic Theorist: Alfred Adler Feelings of inferiority Ways to seek superiotity (lifestyles)
Inferiority Complex Exaggerated feelings of weakness Use maladaptive ways to feel superior
Guiding Fictions Conscious ideas, goals, and beliefs
Adaptive lifestyles Cooperation, social interest, common sense
Maladaptive lifestyles Extreme competitiveness, lack of concern for others
Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology (Differences from Freud) (3) 1.His idea of types of unconscious 2. Thoughts on childhood sexuality (disagree) 3. Broader drives
Carl Jung's Types of unconscious (2) Personal Collective
Carl Jung's Theory Introversion vs. Extroversion
Introversion Self reflective
Extroversion Social reflective
Egopsychologist (Neoanalytic Theorists) (2) Erik Erikson Anna Freud
Object Relation's Theory Klein, Kernberg, Kohut central issue: finding a balance between the need for other people (Emphasized attachment)
Humanistic Psychology (3) Freedom of Choice and free will Emphasis on Growth and Uniqueness More positive and optimistic
Founder of client centered therapy Carl Rogers
Self Concept Organized set of perceptions & beliefs about oneself
Congruence If you think of yourdelf as kind & others ddo too.
Incongruence You think your kind & others dont
Positive Deviation of Personality was founded by whom? Abraham Maslow
Peak Experiences (Positive deviation of Personality) Profound emotional highs - flow complete absorption in a task.
Maslows Hierarchy of needs (2) Basic Needs Metaneeds
Basic Needs (Maslows Hierarchy) Deficiency needs fulfillment in specific order
Metaneeds (Maslows Hierarchy) Growth needs no order. Self actualization- filling your unique potential as a person.
Maslows Hierarchy (5) Physiological (Breathing/Food/Water/Sleep/Etc) Safety (Security of: Body/Employment/Etc) Love/Belonging (Friendship/Family) Self-Esteem (Confidence) Self-Actualization (Morality)
Behaviorism was founded by whom? (2) Watson/Skinner
What is Behaviorism? Emphasized: Situational & Environmental Influences Reinforcement Observable Behavior
Social Learning (Social/Cognitive) Observation & Cognition
Social Learning - Bandura Self Efficacy: you can accomplish what you want to succeed
Social Learning - Jullian Rotter Stressed Cognitive Perspective Expectancies
Jullian Rotter - Recieved Control (2) Internal Locus of Control (internals) External Locus of Control (externals)-env.
Personality Assessment (4) 1) Interview 2) Behavioral Assessment 3) Objective Tests 4) Projective Tests
Interviews - Intake Interview -- Mental Status Exam
Behavioral Assessment Dont care if you were breast or bottle fed. (Behavior is more important)
Objective Tests (nonprojective) (2) -Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) - Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory, Revised. (NEO-PI-R)
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) Used to help diagnose mental disorders it measures psychopathology 10 clinical scales, 4 validity scales.
Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory, Revised. (NEO-PI-R) - Measures the big five personality traits (Neurotism/ Extraversion/ Openness/ Agreeableness/ Conscientiousness)
Projective Tests -Attempts to measure unconscious motives, feelings, & conflicts. -Uses ambiguious stimuli
Advantage and Disadvantage of Projective Tests Advantage- Respondents cannot easily detect what is being measured. Disadvantage: Compared to nonprojectives- -harder to administer, score & interpret -less evidence of validity & reliability
Examples of Projective Tests (4) 1) Rorschah - Ink blot test 2) Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT) ---Childrens Appreciation Test (CAT) 3) Drawings 4) Incomplete Sentences
Drawings (Projective Tests) (2) Kinetic Family Drawing (K-F-D) House-Tree-Person (H-T-P)
Kinetic Family Drawing (K-F-D) -Family drawing -Drawn by a child -Picture of family members in which all people are doing something -What the person is doing shows the thoughts of the person.
House-Tree-Person (H-T-P) Unconscious -- Personality
Incomplete Sentences (Projective Tests) You are givin the beginning of the sentence, but you must finish it off. (give it an ending)
Created by: bnm3y