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mass media 8 & 9

news a report on change
newsworthiness a ranking of news that helps decide what makes it into news packages
James Gordon Bennett Early Penny Press publisher; founder of New York Herald 1835, first to assign reporters to sports regularly
news beats a specific subject or field that a news reporter covers as a specialty, like a police beat, a science beat
Bennett Model an enduring concept of news that emphasizes event-based reporting on deadline
lightning news delivered by telegraph
objectivity a concept in journalism that news should be gathered and told value-free
byline a line identifying the reporter or writer, usually atop an article
Joseph McCarthy U.S senator from Wisconsin; fueled anti-communist hysteria 1950-1954
Edward R. Murrow CBS television reporter who confronted McCarthy on demagoguery
Robert Hutchins Philosopher whose interests included news practices
Hutchins Commission Recommended reforms in news practices to emphasize social responsibility
Benjamin Harris Published Publick Occurrences
Publick Occurrences First Colonial newspaper, Boston 1690
Benjamin Day printed first successful penny paper, New York Sun, 1833
Joseph Pulitzer Emphasized human interest in newspapers; later moved sensationalism to greater heights
William Randolph Hearst built circulation with sensationalism
yellow journalism sensationalized news accounts
Curtis McDougal His journalism textbook advocated interpretation
editorializing opinionated comments that go beyond just stating the straightforward reporting
Herbert Gans concluded that journalists have mainstream values..... said social, economic, and intellectual levels of audience to coincide
ethnocentrism seeing things on the basis of personal experience and values
watchdog function the news media role to monitor the performance of government and other institutions of society
news hole space for ads in a newspaper after ads are inserted; time in a newscast for news after ads
news flow significance of events worth covering varies from day to day
staffing available staff resources to cover news
consensible nature of news news organization second-guessing competition in deciding coverage
gatekeepers media people influencing messages en route
aggregation sites news sites that regurgitate news compiled from elsewhere or that offer pass-through links to other sources
Arianna Huffington founder of online news site Huffington Post
news alerts email links to news from search engines on subjects that users request with key search terms
Bob Woodward Carl Bernstein's colleague in the Watergate revelations
Carl Berstein Washington Post reporter who dug up watergate
watergate Nixon administration scandal
investigative reporting enterprise reporting that reveals new information, often startling; most often these are stories that official sources would rather not have told
muckraking fanciful term of digging up dirt but that usually is used in a laudatory way for investigative journalism; aimed at public policy reform
Ida Tarbell muckraker remembered for her series on monopolistic corruption at standard oil
soft news geared to satisfying audience's information wants, not needs
genres broad thematic categories of media content
authentic performance a live performance with an on-site audience
mediated performance a performance modified and adjusted or delivery to an audience by mass media
mediated message adjusted to be effective when carried by the mass media
black music folk genre from American black slave experience
rhythm and blues distinctive style of black music that took form in 1930s
hillbilly music folk genre from rural Appalachia, southern white experience
rockabilly a splicing of rock n' roll and hillbilly used for early rock music
rock n' roll a popular dance music characterized by a heavy beat, simple melodies, and guitar, bass and drum instrumentation, usually on a 12 bar structure
Sam Phillips a Memphis music producer who recorded and promoted early rock music
rap dance music with intense bass, rhyming riffs, the lyrics often with anti-establishment defiance
Joseph Pulitzer New York newspaper publisher in 1880s ; organized the first newspaper sports department
KDKA Pittsburgh radio station that pioneered sports broadcasting in 1920s
Henry Luce magazine publisher known for Time, Life, Sports Illustrated and others
Roone Arledge ABC television executive responsible for Wide World o Sports in 1961
loss leader a product sold at a loss to attract customers
Ulysses James Joyce novel banned in the United States until 1930 court decision
obscenity sexually explicit media depictions that the government can ban
pornography sexually explicit depictions that are protected from government bans
Miller Standard current U.S Supreme Court definition of sexually explicit depictions that are protected by the first amendment from government bans
Sam Ginsberg Figure in U.S Supreme Court decision to bar sales of pornography to children
George Carlin Comedian whose satires on vulgarities prompted rules on radio programming to shield children
pacifica case U.S Supreme Court ruling to keep indecency off over-air broadcast stations at times when children are likely to be listening or watching
Andre Bazin French film critic who devised the term auteur for significant cutting edge filmmakers
auteur a filmmaker recognized for significant and original treatments
studio system a production-line movie system devised by hollywood in the 1920s
Harlequin Canadian publisher known for romances with cliched characters, settings and themes; the term is applied generically to pulp romances
pulp fiction quickly and inexpensively produced easy-to-read short novels
high art requires sophisticated taste to be appreciated
low art can be appreciated by almost everybody
elitist mass media should gear to sophisticated audiences
kitsch pejorative word for trendy, trashy, low art
populist mass media should seek largest possible audiences
Dwight Macdonald said all pop art is kitsch
High-, middle-, and low- culture audiences continuum identified by Herbert Gans
highbrow, middlebrow, and lowbrow levels of media content sophistication that coincide with audience tastes
popular art art that tries to succeed in the marketplace
pop art revisionism the view that pop art has inherent value
Susan Sontag saw cultural, social value in pop art
Created by: emilyclawson