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ICT Computer Terms

Basic computer terms

What is the device that does computations and makes logical comparisons according to the instructions it receives? Computer
The physical components of a computer. Hardware
The intangible components of a computer system, particularly the programs that the computer needs to perform a specific task. Software
Whenever you enter data into your computer. Input
Data generated by a computer. Output
The most frequently used input device; consists of three major parts. Keyboard
A display device that forms an image by converting electrical signals from the computer into points of colored light on the screen. Monitor
The peripheral computer component that produces a hard copy of the text or graphics processed by the computer. Printer
A pointing device that has a laser guide on its underside and two or more buttons for clicking commands. Mouse
A silicon chip located on the motherboard. Also known as the microprocessor. Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A device that reads the information contained on a disk. Disk Drive
A round, metal platter in the hard drive of the computer, it stores large amounts of information. Hard Disk
A hard plastic disk on which information such as music or computer data is digitally encoded in a format readable by a laser beam. CD
Recorded with optical technology that contains full-length motion pictures for viewing on a personal computer or on a TV screen. DVD
Portable storage device capable of storing hundreds of floppy disk. Jump Drive
A device that "takes a picture: of something and turns it into a computerized image. Scanner
A computer program that provides services to other computer programs in the same computer or other computers. Server
Chips on cards plugged into the motherboard that temporarily hold programs and data while the computer is turned on. Random Access Memory (RAM)
A chip on the motherboard that is prerecorded with and permanently stores the set of instructions that the computer uses when you turn it on. Read Only Memory (ROM)
A single digit number in base-2 and is the smallest unit of computer data. Bit
A set of 8 bits that represent a single character in the computer's memory. Byte
A collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. File
Can be located on your hard drive for file storage. Allow users to organzie files. Folder
Created by: acollums