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Ch 10 nervous system

Chabner, The Language of Medicine 8th edition chapter 10 pathological conditions

pathologic conditionsanswers to conditions
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts (neural tube defect)
alzheimer disease (AD) brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration (dementia) with personality changes and impairment of daily functioning
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-Lou Gehrid's disease degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem
epilepsy chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
Huntington disease hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration
multiple sclerosis (MS) destruction of myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic (hard) tissue
myasthenia gravis (MG) autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness (-asthenia) of voluntary muscles (attached to bones)
palsy paralysis ( partial or complete loss of motor function)
parkinson disease (parkinsonism) degeneration of neurons in basal ganglia occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles and slowness of movement
herpes zoster (shingles) viral infection affecting peripheral nerves -skin innervation by spinal or cranial nerves is called dermatome
meningitis inflammation of the meninges; leptomeningitis
human immundeficiency virus (HIV) encephalopathy brain disease and dementia occurring with AIDS
brain tumor abnormal growth of brain tissue and meninges
cerebral conclussion temporary brain dysfunction (brief loss of consciousness) after injury
cerbral contusion bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head
cerbrovascular accident (CV) disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke
Created by: MUZZY