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Conditions in OT

Key terms ch. 15 (rheumatic diseases)

Decrease in the number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. Anemia
the fusion of a joint often in an abnormal position, usually resulting from destruction of articular cartilage and subchondral bone, as occurs in rheumatoid arthritis. Ankylosis
a specialized immune protien produced because of the introduction of an antigen into the body-- this is a major function of the immune system. Antibodies
refers to the articulations between the articular facets of adjacent vertebrae or facet joints. These joints are a frequent site of degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthritis, spondylitic and traumatic diseases. Apophyseal
Inflammation of the joints which may be chronic or acute. Arthritis
A common hand deformity secondary to the pathologic effects of rhuematoid arthritis resulting in a combination of PIP joint flexion and DIP joint hyperextension. Boutonniere deformity
inflammation of the fluid filled sac(bursa) that lies between tendon and skin, or between tendon and bone. Bursitis
resulting from compression on the volar aspect of the wrist, which then impinge upon the median nerve. This causes paresthesia of the palmar aspect of the thumb,2nd,3rd,and the radial aspect of the 4th digit Carpal tunnel syndrome
Pathologic process that involove extensors at the thumb, causes severe pain and discomfort, resulting in a decrease in hand function and the ablitity to grip. De Quervain's tenosynovitis
are the most mobile joints and are by far the most common articular pattern. Because the joints possess a synovial membrane and contain synovial fluid, AKA synovial joints Diarthroses
Virus causing infection and is characterized by fatigue and generalmalaise.this virus can be dangerous to people with compromised immune systems. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
initial response of body to harmful stimuli and is achieved by increase movement of plasma and leukocytes from the blood into the injured tissues. Inflammation
most common rheumatic disease in childhool. Criteria onset before 16, persistant athritis in one or more joints for at least 6 weeks. juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
also referred to as degenerative joint disease, is a noninflammatory joint disease that results in deterioration of articular cartilage, and the formaiton of new bone or osteophytes on the joint surface. osteoarthritis
activation of the synovial cells which accumulate and create pannus, a malignant mass over the cartilage, leading to cartilage break down. Pannus
Rheum in rheumatoid refers to the stiffness, general aching, weakness, and fatigue that is experienced throughout the body Rheumatoid arthritis
An antibody that is measurable in the blood. RF is an antibody that is not usually present in the normal individual. higher risk for erosions, nodules, growth retardation, and lack of bone mineralization. Rheumatoid Factor (RF)
a physician who specializes in treatment of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatologist
is a chronic disease of unknown etiology causing corneal and conjunctival lesions and is characterized by dry eyes and mouth. Sjogren's syndrome
a deformity which results from contractures of the interosseus and flexor musclesand tendons, whick in turn produce a flexor contracture of the MCP joint, Hyperextension of the PIP joint, and flexion of the DIP joint. Swan-neck deformities
pertaining to, consisting of,or secreting synovia, the lubricating fluid of the joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths Synovial
inflammation of the synovial lining of the tendon sheath tenosynovitis
Created by: 1455678859