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Fiction Terms

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
A brief work of fiction Short Story
Sequence of events in a literary work Plot
Introduces the characters, setting and basic situation Explosition
Attention "grabber"- introduces the conflict in a work of fiction Narrative Hook/Inciting Incident
All the events leading up to the climax Rising Action
The highest point of interest of suspense (point of no return) Climax
Follows the climax - release of tension Falling Action
"trying up of loose ends" - A general insight or change is conveyed Denouement/Resolution
Struggle between opposing forces Conflict
Iside oneself- man vs. himself (guilt, anger, pride) Internal Conflict
Outside oneself - man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. machine, man vs. animal, man vs. fate/supernatural, man vs. society External Conflict
A person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work Characters
Shows only one trait (2-D) Flat Character
Shows many (and sometimes conflicting) traits (3-D) Round Character
Doesnt change during the course of the work Static Character
Develops and grows during the course of the work Dynamic Character
The main character/hero/heroine - the one with whom we empathize Protagonist
The character whos is against/opposes the main character Antagonist
Directly states a character's traits (straight from the author) Direct Characterization
Provides clues about a character by describing looks, actions and words, as well as how other characters respond/react Indirect Characterization
Perspective of the person telling the story Point of View
"I" 1st Person
only 1 character's viewa/thoughts 3rd Person(limited)
all-knowing, any characters views/thoughts 3rd Person(omniscient)
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work or art Allusion
Conversation between characters Dialogue
Portrays difference between appearance and reality (or expectation and result) Irony
When words are used to suggest the opposite of what it is actually meant Verbal Irony
When events occur that directly contradict the expectations Situational Irony
The feeling created in a work Mood/Atmosphere
Person telling the story Narrator
Where and when the story takes place Setting
A feeling of uncertainty about the outcome of an event in a work Suspence
The underlying point of certral message in a literary work Theme
A writer's attitude- serious, humorous, etc. Tone
Anything that stands for something else Symbol
Not meant to be interpreted literally Figurative Language
Created by: Heather Lynn