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Fiction Terms


Short Story A brief work of fiction
Plot Sequence of events in a literary work
Exposition A writing or speech that explains a process or presents information- introduces the characters, setting and basic situation
Narrative Hook/Inciting Incident attention 'grabber'- introduces the conflict in a work of fiction
Rising Action All the events leading up to the climax
Climax the highest point of interest or suspense (point of no return)
Falling action follows the climax -release of tension
Denouement/ resolution "tying up of loose ends" - A general insight or change is conveyed
Conflict struggle between opposing forces
Internal Conflict inside oneself- man vs man, man vs nature, man vs machine, man vs animal, man vs fate/supernatural, man vs society
characters a person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work
Dynamic Character Develops and grows during the course of the work
Flat Character shows only one trait (2-d)
Round Character shows many(and sometimes conflicting) traits (3-d)
Static Character Doesn't change during the course of the work
Protagonist the main character/hero/heroine- the one with whom we empathize
Antagonist the character who is against/oppose the main character
Direct Characterization directly states a character's (straight from the author)
Indirect characterization provides clues about a character by describing looks, action and words, as well as how other characters respond/ react
Point of view 1st- "i" 3rd person(limited)- only 1 character's views/thoughts 3rd person(omniscient)- all knowing, any characters views/ thoughts
Allusion A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work or art
Dialogue conversation between characters
Irony portrays differences between appearance and reality (or expectation and results)
verbal Irony When words are used to suggest the opposite of what is actually meant
Situational Irony when events occur that directly contradict the expectations
Mood/Atmosphere the feeling created in a work
Narrator person telling the story
Setting Where and when the story takes place
Suspense a feeling of uncertainty about the outcome of an event in a work
Theme the underlying point or central message in a literary work
Tone a writer's attitude- serious, humorous, etc.
Symbol anything that stands for something else
Figurative Language Not meant to be interpreted literally
Created by: terrylangston



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