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GI Processes

Small Instine, Large Intestine

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of Sodium Bicarbonate in the Small Intestine? Neutralize Acid
What is the function of Trypsin in the Small Intestine? Protein --> Polypeptides --> Amino Acids
What is the function of Lipase in the Small Intestine? Fat --> Glycerol & Fatty Acids
What is the function of p. Amylase in the Small Intestine? Polysaccharides --> Simple Sugars
What is the function of Nucleases in the Small Intestine? Nucleic Acids --> Free Nucleotides
What are the 3 products in Bile? Bile Salts, Lecithin, Bilirubin, Cholesterol
What are the function of Bile Salts & Lethicin? Emulsifiers: break apart Fat Globules
What is the function of Bilirubin? NONE - from Hemoglobin breakdown; excreted in Feces
What is the function of Cholesterol? NONE - Fatty WASTE products; may precipitate in Gallbladder --> Gallstones
What is the function of Mucus? Secreted throughout GI tract; Alkaline Protectant against Acid & Enzymes
What are the 2 functions of the Large Intestine? 1. Stores and Compacts Feces; 2. secretion of Mucus a Lubricant/Physical barrier - prevent self-digestion
What are 2 characteristics of the Large Intestine? 1. NO Enzymatic Digestion; 2. Gas production from resident Bacteria
Created by: Kristel