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Ercolani 13

E's & P's of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, and Color.
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, and Harmony.
What is the principle repetition? A type of rhythm when a design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, and rough surfaces absorb more light than smooth surfaces.
What do curved lines suggest? Softness and gracefulness.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Horizontal is when the left and right parts are equal, vertical is when the top and bottom parts are equal, and radial is when elements radiate out from the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement, and excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose; can have two or three dimensions.
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Example: one side of a dresser has a big clock, and the other has a lamp.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines lead the eye from left to right, while vertical lines lead the eye up.
What is the golden mean? The proportion a human's top should be with its bottom; 3 heads:5 heads ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat, 2 dimensional image with length and width, while form is the outlines or edges of a 3 dimensional object with length, width, depth, volume, and mass.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, asymmetrical, horizontal, vertical, and radial.
What does unity or harmony mean? All the elements and principles of design working together create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? How the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, vertical, diagonal, and curved.
What is proportion? How a design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical balance.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Both parts of a design are identical. Example: plants, insects, or humans.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object or item stands out. Another name for it is focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? The eye follows the whole line.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal balance.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when a design increases or decreases in size; only one element of design changes. Radiation is when elements radiate out from a design.
Created by: marissaercolani