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Prefixes/Suffixes 7

Gastrointestinal System

an/o Not
cec/o cecum (first part of colon)
chol/e bile; gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o colon/o colon (large intestine)
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis Formation of stony concretions (calculi) in the body
pancreat/o Pancreas
-pepsia digestion
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmiod colon
or/o mouth
Glucose Sugar
Bilirubin An orange-yellow pigment formed in the liver.
Bile A bitter greenish-brown alkaline fluid that aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.
Metabolism The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
Gastroenterologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Emesis The action or process of vomiting.
Peristalsis he involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
Gastric Acids Produced by the stomach to help break down food for digestion.
Duodenum The first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach, leading to the jejunum.
Jejunum The part of the small intestine between the duodenum and ileum.
Ileum The third portion of the small intestine, between the jejunum and the cecum.
Created by: Cunningham101



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