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Thinking about race

2nd edition chapters 8-11

unable to be determined. A sexually ________ person is someone who does not appear to be definitely male or female. Ambiguous
the meaning of being Jewish to Jews who are Americans. American Jewish identity
having neither male nor female sexual traits; appearing to have neither male nor females sexual traits. Androgynous
a generalized image of a kind or type of person, which is shared within a culture. Archetype
process of becoming part of a dominant culture by taking on its most important characteristics in place of one's own subordinate group characteristics. Assimilation
person who does not believe in God on the grounds that God does not exist. Atheist
looking and behaving as members of one's racial or ethnic group are expected to appear and behave. Authentic appearance
loyalty and helpfulness to members of one's racial or ethnic group, simply because they are members of one's own group. Authentic solidarity
genuiness or realness as the member of a racial or ethnic group. Authenticity
individual self-rule; the freedom of individuals to choose their actions and develop as persons. Autonomy
social role characteristics of people in non-Western cultures who are accepted as members of the opposite sex within their communities. Berdache
poor, usually urban, inadequately educated part of black population with high rates of unemployment and involvement in the criminal justive system as defendants. Black underclass
middle class; property-owners or owners of means of production in society. Bourgeoisie
in social class terms, a combination of preferred or believed-to-be superior ancestry and upbringing. Breeding
set of hypotheses about groups in society that explain how they have developed and now interact as social classes. Class theory
economic and political system in which major means of production are owned by the government in the name of the people. Communism
analysis of the power relations and dominant-subordinate behavior in a society, which are unjust and not always recognized for what they are by participants. Critical theories
displaying knowledge of the history and tradition of one's racial or ethnic group, which display is expected by others. Cultural authenticity
idea that feminism must be conceptualized and practiced differently by women of different races and social classes. Difference feminism
affirmation of the privileged position of a social group with natural or cultural advantages. Elitism
freedom, usually following a situation of oppression. Emancipatory
intellectual and political practices that are intended to further or result in emancipation for a particular group. Emancipatory traditions
contemporary interdisciplinary scholarly thought, personal ideology, and social and political activism that affirms the rights and value of women and analyzes the contemporary and historical conditions of their exclusion and oppression. Feminism
description of ideas or behavior that laypeople share within a culture. Folk model
former African American slaves who were freed. Freedman
The behavioral and social role aspects of maleness or femaleness. Gender
period during the 1920s and 1930s when black arts and literature began to flourish on the basis of the pride of American blacks in their achievements and culture. Harlem Renaissance
the same within, having similiar members. Homogenous
fearing or hating homosexuals and lesbians. Homophobia
categorization of a person by others in terms of race, ethnicity, or gender (more broadly, other categories also apply, such as age and physical ableness). Indentification
to categorize another by race or ethnicity; to put oneself in the place of another or imagine oneself to be another specific individual or member of a racial or ethnic group different from one's own; to state one's race or ethnicity. Identify
self-categorization of a person in terms of race, ethnicity, or gender (more broadly, other categories also apply, such as occupation); what a person is to himself or herself Identity
formal or informal political system in which people vote or otherwise exert influence as members of racial, gendered, ethnic, or other groups with interests and status unrecognized by the majority (ie. homosexuals and the disabled) Identity politics
system of beliefs about how the world ought to be, based on the assumptions, economic interests, value judgements, or fundamental politcal beliefs Ideology
when two or more categories in which a person is classified and indentified work in combination to create a category or form of experience different from that of any of the categories originally combined. Intersection
having the primary biological traits of both males and females, or having neither. Intersexed
condistion necessary for recreation and self-care and development. Leisure
A woman who prefers other women as sexual partners; in feminist contexts, the centering of women's experience. Lesbian
hypothesis, plan, description, ideology, or analysis of current cultural conditions that is intended to achieve freedom for a particular group(s). Liberation theory
keep outside the center or exclude from full participation and empowerment. Marginalized
ideology based on the writings of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. Marxist ideology
ruled by women Matriarchal
late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century theatrical genre in which white men wore "blackface" to imitate both black men and women in stereotypical roles. Minstrelsy
before 1920, part of black population that was mixed race and had advantages of interactions with whites as well as middle-class education, employment, and cultural experience. Mulatto elite
program that includes people from different cultures as well as their distinctive intellectual, literary, and artistic products. Mutliculturalism
an account of experiences and events that focuses on the particulars of what takes place, rather than a generalization about types of experiences or events; a story Narratives
group of people believed to be superior to others solely due to traits they are born with (not originally a racial concept). Natural aristocracy
laws believed to be given to men by God, believed by Christians to be a foundation for democratic constitutional government with safeguards for individual's rights, especially the right to own private property. Natural law
quality of being present by nature or in nature, without human intervention or cultural influence. Naturalness
characteristics of some Jews whereby they do not follow the religious practices of Judaism. Nonobservant
conceptual boundaries, foundations, or restrictions. Parameters
social system in which men dominate in all important areas of life, usually associated with their roles as fathers and husbands but extending to public life as well Patriarchal system
a public whole composed of different racial or ethnic groups that are treated equally and valued by their members and members of other groups for their distinct identities. Pluralistic society
in production, the monetary diffence between the material, labor, and capital costs of production and the price received for the products. Profit
Marxist term for nineteenth and twentieth century laborers; generally the working class. Proletariat
the history of something whereby its initial circumstances and changes in circumstances are traced in time; usually applied to art objects,but also ironically applicable to people in terms of identities. Provenance
continual creation of social structures, as well as oppressive categories, within a culture; biological production of next generation. Reproduce
member of a Caucasian race that now consists of Jews and Arabs. Semites
biological difference based on reproductive function and chromosomal markers. Sex
a strong desire to engage in sexual activity, assumed to be universally present in human beings. Sex drive
persons or things that, without regard for their own feelings, are sexually sought after by others. Sexual objects
persons who actively desire others, usually with the power to actualize their desires. Sexual subjects
inherited social class. Social caste
not present in nature but created and maintained in culture and often thought to be "natural." Socially constructed
fixed, often derogatory, idea about members of a group that is applied to all members, regardless of individual difference; may be true of some members of the group or of no members of the group. Stereotyped
late nineteenth and early twentieth century women activists who organized, wrote, spoke, and demonstrated to secure the right of women to vote. Suffragists
pertaining to how things were done in the past. Tradition
the gender charactersistics of an individual whose gender does not match the biological sex he or she was characterized by at birth. Transsexuals
contemporary form of feminism developed by black women writers and scholars that emphasizes their experience and knowledge, as well as their sources of spiritual inspiration in religion and the lives of other black women. Womanists
term for the movement and ideology of women's emancipation, or for feminism, that was in use during the 1960s and 1970s Women's liberation
high German dialect written in Hebrew letters, used by European Jews. Yiddish
Jewish religious and political beliefs and actions that hold Israel, as the original Jewish homeland, to be of central importance to Jews throughout the Jewish diaspora Zionism
courage to express one's beliefs & opinions or display how one is when others disagree or disapprove. Personal Authenticity
Created by: emartinez133