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Acquiring Immunity

Active & Passive Immunity

What are the categories of acquiring Immunity? Active, Passive
What is the definition of Active Immunity? Self Production of Antibodies following EXPOSURE to foreign Antigens
What are the ways of acquiring Active Immunity? Natural, Artificial
How does a person gain Natural Active Immunity? requires personal exposure to Live Microbes
How does a person gain Artificial Active Immunity? requires Vaccination
What is a Vaccination? solution containing killed Microbes (w/ Antigens intact) or genetically engineered Antigens
What is the definition of Passive Immunity? TRANSFER of Preformed Antibodies obtained from an Immune Donor
How is Immunity gained through Natural Passive Immunity? mother --> fetus transfer
How is immunity gained though Artificial Passive Immunity? requires Antiserum or Antitoxin
What is Antitoxin? concentrated Antibody Serum, aka pooled Gamma Globulin (mostly IgG)
Created by: Kristel