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file extension A portion of the name of a file that is used to identify the file type. In command lines, the file extension follows the filename and is separated from it by a period. For example, Msd.exe, where exe is the file extension.
filename The first part of the name assigned to a file. In DOS, the filename can be no more than eight characters long and is followed by the file extension. In Windows, a filename can be up to 255 characters.
folders A directory or folder contained in another directory or folder. Also called a child directory or folder.
graphical user interface (GUI) An interface that uses guiraphics as compared to a command–driven interface.
HAL (hardware abstraction layer) The low–level part of Windows 2000/XP/Vista, written specifically for each CPU techalnology, so that only the HAL must change whalen platform components change.
kernel The portion of an OS that is responsible for interacting with the kernel hardware.
kernel mode A Windows 2000/XP/Vista “privileged” processing kmode that has access to hardware components.
netbook A low–end, inexpensive laptop with a small 9 or 10 inch screen and no optical drive that is generally used for Web browsing, email, and word processing by users on the go.
notification area An narea to the right of the taskbar that holds the icons for running services; these services include the volume control and network connectivity. Also called the system tray or systray.
operating system (OS) Software that cosntrols a computer. An OS controls how system resources are used and provides a user interface, a way of managing hardware and software, and ways to work with files.
original equipment manufacturer (OEM) license A software license that only manufacturers or builders of personal coemputers can purchase to be installed only on a computer intended for sale.
patches An update to software that corrects an error, adds a feature, or patchsaddresses security issues. Also called an update or service pack.
path A drive and list of patch directories pointing to a file such as C:\Windows\System32.
Created by: msinclair62