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Principals of Design

What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces -Making them brighter and lighter Rough surfaces absorb more light -Making them look darker and less intense Example: Red carpet looks darker and duller than red ceramic tile
What do curved lines suggest? Adds a soft, graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? -Horizontal Balance: Left and Right parts are equal. -Vertical Balance: Top and Bottom parts are equal. -Radial Balance: Elements radiate out from design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement, and excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose. -Can have 2 dimensions: Floor -Can have 3 dimensions: Room or Dwelling
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, Continuous Line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Example: Two chairs on the sides of a sofa.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal: Leads the eye from left to right. Vertical: Lead the eye up.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 Ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape: 2 dimensions Form: 3 demensions
What are the five types of balance? 1)Symmetrical Balance 2)Asymmetrical Balance 3)Horizontal Balance 4)Vertical Balance 5)Radial Balance
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? Involves how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? 1)Vertical Lines 2)Horizontal Lines 3)Diagonal Lines 4)Curved Lines
What is proportion? Proportion means that each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Radial Balance
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical -Example: plants, insects or humans.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item stands out (Focal Point)
What happens when you use a continuous line? Creates a continuous line for eye to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? identical
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? not identical
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation-Designs increase or decrease in size Radation-Designs move out from center point.
Created by: sam_snyderman



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