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Bookwalter 7/8

Elements and Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, Unity
What is the principle repetition? When a design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, so they are brighter and lighter. Rough surfaces absorb more light, and they look darker and less intense.
What do curved lines suggest? Curved lines have a soft, graceful effect on a room.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Vertical balance means that the top and bottom are balanced. Horizontal balance means that the left and right sides are balances. Radial balance means that the elements radiate out from the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement, and excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose that can have 2 or 3 dimensions.
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line.
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? It is when the design is not exactly balanced with the same objects, bu the objects have the same weight.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical lines lead the eye up, and horizontal lines lead the eye left to right.
What is the golden mean? A three to five ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat image, and form is a 3D object.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, asymmetrical, vertical, horizontal, and radial.
What does unity or harmony mean? All of the elements of principle and design work together.
What are the two things texture involves? How the surface feels and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved.
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical.
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical. For example, a butterfly.
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object or item stands out. It is also called the focal point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? It creates a continuous line for the eye to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal balance.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal balance.
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Designs increase and decrease in size in gradation. In radiation, the lines move out from a center point.
Created by: haileyb