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E's and P's Stack

Elements and Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, and Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion/Scale, Emphasis, and Unity/harmony
What is the principle repetition? when a design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Makes smooth surfaces reflect more light making them brighter and lighter and makes rough surfaces absorb more light making them look darker and less intense
What do curved lines suggest? adds soft graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Vertical balance have the top and bottom parts equal but the horizontal balance has the left and right parts equal. The radial balance is different from both because it has elements radiating out from the design.
What do diagonal lines suggest? action, movement, and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose ( ex - bedroom)
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation , Repetition , and Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Example: a paper with small images on one side and on the other side a large image
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? horizontal lines move the eye from left to right but vertical lines move the eye up.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? shape is a flat or silhouette image (2d) but a form is the outlines edges of a three dimensional object (3d)
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical Balance, Asymmetrical Balance, Vertical Balance , Horizontal Balance , and Radial Balance
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What are the two things texture involves? Involves how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel.
What are the four types of line? Vertical, Horizontal ,Diagonal , and Curved
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Asymmetrical Balance
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Balance-when both parts are identical. Example: insects
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? When one object or item stands out. Another name for it is Focal Point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? your eye follows that continuous line.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? formal balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? informal balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation Designs increase or decrease in size or one element of design changes but radiation is lines or designs that move out from the center.
Balance parts of a design are equally distributed in physical weight or visual weight
symmetrical balance ( formal) when both parts are identical
asymmetrical balance ( informal) parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight
vertical balance top and bottom parts are equal
horizontal balance left and right parts are equal
radial balance elements radiate out from design
rhythm gives design direction or movement
gradation designs increase or decrease in size or one element of design changes
radiation lines or designs move out from center point
repetition design is copied or repeated
continuous line design creates a continuous line for eye to follow
proportion/ scale how the design is visually divided
emphasis (focal point) one object or item stands out
unity/harmony all elements and principles of design work together
space the area provided for a particular purpose ( can have 2 dimensions or 3 dimensions)
line the visual direction of a design ( vertical , horizontal, diagonal, curved )
vertical lines lead the eye up. Add more height , formality and strength
horizontal lines leads the eye from left to right. Suggests informality and restfulness
Diagonal lines suggest action , movement and excitement
curved lines adds a soft , graceful effect to designs
shape a flat or silhouette image ( 2d)
form the outlines edges of a three dimensional object (3d)
texture a surfaces tactile quality
tactile the perception of touch
Created by: dk7