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Element & Principles

Elements and Principles of Design

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, & Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion, Emphasis, & Harmony
What is the principle repetition? Design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect light than rough and rough surfaces absorb more light
What do curved lines suggest? Adds a soft graceful effect to designs
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? The balances all are different directions
What do diagonal lines suggest? Action, movement and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, Radiation, Repetition, Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Ex: A couch with end tables on both sides, but different decorations on them.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal leads your eye left to right. Vertical leads your eye up and down.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 Ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat or silhouette image. Form is the outline edges of a three dimensional object.
What are the five types of balance? Vertical, Horizontal, Radial, Symmetrical, Asymmetrical
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? Color and Texture
What are the four types of line? Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal, and Curved
What is proportion? Each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Radial
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both parts are identical
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item stands out. Focal Point
What happens when you use a continuous line? Creates a continuous line for the eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Identical
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Not Identical
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation is when the design increases or decreases in size. Radiation is when the line or the design moves out from the center point.
Created by: amccann