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Horsley 7/8

Elements and Principles

QuestionAnswer
What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, and Color
What are the principles of design? Balance, rhythm, proportion/scale, Emphasis, and Unity
What is the principle repition? A design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than a rougher surface therefore smooth surfaces appear brighter. Rough surfaces absorb the light making them appear darker.
What do curved lines suggest? They are soft and graceful effects.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? Vertical balance is when the top and bottom parts are equal, Horizontal is when the left and right side are equal, and radial balance is when the element radiates out from a center point.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Suggest action, movement, and excitement
What is space? The area provided for a purpose, can have 2 and 3 dimensions
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, and continuous line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight on both sides. Ex: Different shape and patterned vases that are around the same size on both sides of a table.
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Horizontal lines run left and right while vertical lines run up and down.
What is the golden mean? 3-5 ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat 2 dimensional image while form is the outlines of three dimensional objects.
What are the five types of balance? Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Vertical Balance, Horizontal Balance, and Radial Balance.
What does unity or harmony mean? All of the elements and principles of design are put together to make one complete harmony
What are two things texture involves? Texture involves how a surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of line? Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, and Curved
What is proportion? Each of the parts in the room are the right size, one is not extremely larger or smaller than another object it is in relation with.
Which of the five types of balance suggest excitement or interest? Radial Balance
What is symmetrical balance? Example? When both sides are identical, two square windows of the same size next to each other with two identical chairs in front of them
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item stands out, focal point of design,
What happens when you use a continuous line? Your eye follows it.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal Balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal Balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? In gradation an object increases and decreases in size, in radiation lines or designs move out from a center point.
Created by: 663416