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olivieri 4/5

Elements and Principles of Design

What are the elements of design? space, line, shape, form, texture, color
What are the principles of design? balance, rhythm, proportion/scale, emphasis unity
What is the principle repetition? design is copied or repeated
How does texture affect color? Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces
What do curved lines suggest? add a soft, graceful effect
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? vertical-top and bottom are equal horizontal-left and right side are equal radial- elements radiate out from design
What do diagonal lines suggest? action, movement, excitement
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose
What are the four types of rhythm? Gradation, radiation, repetition, continuous
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? vertical makes a tall appearance, up and down horizontal makes wide appearance, left to right
What is the golden mean? 3-5 ratio
What is the difference between shape and form? shape is flat, two dimension form is 3-D
What are the five types of balance? Achieved when parts of a design are equally distributed Can be physical weight or visual weight Symmetrical Balance-when both parts are identical Asymmetrical Balance- Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony
What are the two things texture involves? how the surface feels to the touch and how it appears to feel
What are the four types of line? horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved
What is proportion? that each of the parts are the right size to belong to the whole
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? diagonal lines
What is symmetrical balance? Example? when both parts are identical
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? one object or item stands out, focal point
What happens when you use a continuous line? Design creates a continuous line for eye to follow
What is another name for symmetrical balance? visual
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? in-visual
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation-Designs increase or decrease in size, One element of design changes Radiation-Lines or designs move out from center point
Created by: kolivieri



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