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Contemporary Movements- Art History

Greenberg flatness and picture plane "old school"
Rosenberg critic- all about process. artists hand in work
Rauschenberg artist, used found things, white painting
Sartre act of risk and moment; action painting-gestural
DuChamp removing the artists hand and found objects
Suzuik writer, zen "in the now"
John Cage found sound and sound objects "water walk" (chance) connect to Dadaism
John Kaprow the happenings-found objects and chance, experience. 18 happenings in 6 parts. tires to walk through, time, space, sound, viewer
Schnemann performance art "snow" abstract expressionism. tried to do other movements. Viet Flakes and cold war "chance"
Warhol removing hand, mechanical reproduction- screen printing, video- art is without message
Morris sculptor "L beams"; "red velvet" minimalist, interacting with space. make viewer involved. separating painting from sculpture
Maciunas "Fluxus"-repeated by anyone-guidelines, @ 10 seconds squeeze the duck, invented Yoko Ohno-cut piece
Judd cubes on wall "untitled"- ratio plexiglass denying sculpture material in math way, incorporate audience. object as fact. industrial
Marcuse critic, philosopher, rise of nuclear day
Carson environmentalist, poisoning our world and environment with insecticides "silent spring"
Schneeman Viet Flakes- response to war, little bit of chance- performed
Le Wit Boxes of boxes- ratio, conceptual 8:5:1 modular open cube pieces
Kosuth 1 in 3 chairs, conceptual "idea" Semiotics= symbols that create meaning, conceptual
Lepard interview- will real art accept-educational, conceptual art. will the world buy and sell art?
Denes Rice, Tree, Burial, representational, message event because not in gallery. post minimalist
Smithson against plain white room of gallery. institution, reference to site outside of gallery. earth works and spiral
Post-Impressionism 1880-1900: Gauguin, characterized by bright colors, sharp, often outlined edges, experimenting with techniques
Expressionism 1905-1920: Kandinsky, no other point but to be expressive
Cubism 1905-1920: Picasso, breaking up object and reassembling them but no reasoning behind them
De Still 1905-1920: Mondrian, lines with red, blue, yellow blocks
Futurism 1905-1920: embracing movement in the present
Dada 1915-1940: CHANCE, rejecting logic because of war. Place emphasis on the act of making, fountain by DuChamp
Surrealism 1915-1940: Dali, adopted manifesto to break western tradition, embraced chance, embraces "artist is the genius"- the thought of a piece was genius, influenced by Freud
Abstract Expressionism: Action Painting 1940-1960: showing movement/ process in the painting, Pollock, importance of risk, Greenberg, timeless
Abstract Expressionism: Color Field 1950-1970: flatness--Greenberg, red and blue block of paint, all about flatness and abstraction
Pop 1956-1970: Warhol, repetitive mechanical, taking artists hand out of the work, magazine collage, excluding notion that artists can only be the soul creator
Happenings 1960-1968: Kaprow, only happen once, involves the audience- engages the senses, space, time, viewer, everyday objectives, process, CHANCE, FOUND OBJECTS, FOUND SOUND
Performance 1962-1970: has a meaning but doesn't always involve the audience
Fluxus 1962-1970: inspired by John Cage, takes artists hand out of piece, can happen as many times, no narrative, zen-in the moment, no meaning
Minimalism 1959-1967: embraces industrial process, removes artist hand, in both painting and sculpture
Conceptual Art 1966-1980: Kosuth, three chairs, idea made by artist but meaning is created by viewer, interpret as you want
Post Minimalism 1967-1970: Organic, repetition, more subjective response, create your own meaning, embraces chance
Earthworks 1968-1977: objected institution, entropy- natural destruction
Avant-gardist desired to reintegrate art and life
Industrialization age of steam engines, trains, manufacturing and in 19th century- telegraph, and phone
Modernists wished to keep art pure from the effects of industrialization
Surrealist value unconscious mind> real life
DeKooning Painted, then scraped it away to start again
Archetype ancient/ archaic images that derive from the collective unconscious. Embedded in minds of every person, recognizable through life experience
Impasto thickly applied paint
Sentinel "Stand guard"
Key tenets of Greenberg purity, autonomy, formalism, his criticism derives in part from a rejection of art that imitates and refers to art.
Bourgeois middle class or upper middle class
Compositional elements of happening time & space (found), some repetition, interaction of the viewer, everyday objects, process, found sound
Cold War 1947-1991: a continuing state of political conflict, military tension and proxy wars primarily between the soviet union and U.S.
Semiotics the relation between signs and the things to which they refer
Signifier the form of the word or phrase
Signified the mental concept to which it refers "idea"
Structuralism each individual culture should be understood as a system of signs. there is a universal, underlying structure to the formation of signs within the human mind (right vs wrong, good vs evil) aka binary oppositions
Structuralists believed that art depends not on the artist but on society at large for its meaning
Institutions galleries, museums, auctions, dealers
Absurdity views in different way, Dada
Entropy tendency of matter and energy toward disorder
Created by: Meg0301