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OTH 1001 Test 2

Introduction to Occupational Therapy Test 2 (10/01) DSC OTH

QuestionAnswer
Progressive changes in thinking, memory, processing, and problem-solving skills. cognitive development
Growth of the body, brain, and motor skills. physical development
Changes in how one relates to others and responds to life circumstances that develop with time and experience. Includes temperament or the innate personality of a child as well as identity formation during the adolescent years. social-emotional development
Goal directed but do not always assume a place of critical importance to a person. activity
The specific features of an activity that affect skills & performance, including objects, space, social demands, sequencing or timing, required actions, & required underlying body functions & body structures needed to perform the activity activity demands
The broad range of occupations. These include ADLs, IADLs, education, work, play, leisure and social participation. areas of occupation
Instrinsic factors that affect performance in occupations, including body structures & body functions. client factors
Refers to the condition of a given occupation, which can be personal such as age, gender, and socioeconomic and education status. context
Participation in occupations that connotes both subjective and objective performance, perceived by both the client and therapist as meaningful and necessary. engagement
Refers to the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, which includes language describing the domain and process of occupational therapy practice. framework
Patterns of human behavior related to daily occupations that include habits, routines, and roles. performance patterns
What a person "does" related to observable actions with specific purpose. These skills are described within 3 categories, including motor skills, process skills, and communication/interaction skills. performance skllls
Modifying a task to make it easier for a person to complete. adaptation
Viewing an activity on a continuum from simple to complex, typically an activity more challenging as a person has gained skill. grading
The degree of likelihood that a therapeutic goal can be achieved. therapeutic potential
The deficits addressed by the frame of reference. function/dysfunction continua
Guidelines for identification of deficits through evaulation. indicators of function/dysfunction
Guidelines for intervention. postulates regarding change
The theoretical assumptions used as a foundation for the frame of reference. theoretical base
Study of task's subparts and process. activity analysis
ADL, IADL, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation. areas of occupation AKA occupations performance areas
Environment of performance including cultural, physical, social, personal, spiritual, temporal, or virtual. context of performance
Habits and routines. performance patterns
Motor, process, and communication/interaction skills. perfomance skills
Contexts such as climate, community, and economics. external environment
Aspects such as motiviation, wellness, and emotional state. internal environment
System to establish cognitive functioning from severely disabled to normal functioning. Allen's cognitive levels
The study of adult education. andragogy
The study of teaching children. pedagogy
The ability to take a learned skill or behavior and transfer it to other life needs. transfer of training
Be able to state and brifly explain which developmental stage you are in right now based on information from the book Individual answers will vary.
A set of phenomena and relationships. theory
Guideline of practice based on theory. Frame of Reference
Theoretical concepts used to guide practice in a specific area. model
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on anatomy, physiology and kinesiology. Focus on remediation of range of motion (ROM), strength and endurance Biomechanical
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on neurology and developmental theories. Focus on facilitation of normal, foundational movement. Brain has plasticity. Used with clients that have CNS injury. Neurodevelopmental Treatment
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on system theories and learning theories Focus on teaching independence in performance areas via adaptations, compensatory techniques, education, and modifications Rehabilitation
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on neurophysiology, anatomy and kinesiology Focus on creating a balance between agonists/ antagonists and total patterns of movement Improvement is based on motor learning Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation *** NOT LISTED ON REVIEW ***
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on sociology, psychology, and behavioral learning theories Focus on learning basic skills, social roles and appropriate behaviors within society and cultural group Focus on changing behaviors Role Acquisition
Name the speicific Frame of Reference. Based on Exper. Psychology, classical and operant conditioning & social learning Behavior is predictable, measurable and objective It can be learned and unlearned via reinforcement Behavioral
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on Freud, Jung, existential- humanistic, social and ego psychologists Focus on balance between needs, drives, affect, cognitive process and the will. Increased self-awareness contributes to one’s ability to Psychodynamic *** NOT LISTED ON REVIEW ***
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on social learning, cognitive and behavioral theories Focus on teaching new cognitive strategies to increase self-beliefs, coping skills, and independence Cognitive Behavioral
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on social learning, cognitive and behavioral theories/Piaget Focus on classifying clients into six cognitive levels that is based on observation and client performance on basic activities (ACLS) Cognitive Disability
Name the specific Frame of Reference. Based on Neuroscience and developmental theories Focus on providing specific sensory experiences into the CNS in an attempt to elicit a more normalized adaptive response. Sensory Integration
Name the specific Model. Originated by Law, Christiansen, and Baum The client should be the center of treatment The client identifies goals & meaningful occupations that the OT then addresses Occupation is addressed from both intrinsic and environment Client-Centered
Name the specific Model. Originated by Reilly & Kielhofner Focus on two main points –1)man is a self-regulating open system, and 2) occupation is internally gratifying & used to fulfill a variety of roles The purpose of treatment is for the therapist t Model of Human Occupation (MOHO)
Name the specific Model. This frame of reference presents the adaptation process as emerging from an interaction between the person and occupational environments in response to occupational challenges. Occupational Adaptation
Name the specific Model. Human beings are complex, multilevel systems who participate in their environment Focus on use of meaningful occupations to enable humans to achieve competency & a sense of efficacy Occupational Science
Name the four (4) Frames of References used for Physical Function. (1) Biomechanical (2) Neurodevelopmental Treatment (3) Rehabilitation (4) Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
Name the five (5) Frames of References used for Psychosocial Function (1) Role Acquisition (2) Behavioral (3) Psychodynamic (4) Cognitive Behavioral (5) Cognitive Disability
Name the one (1) Frame of Reference used for Pediatrics...note: may be more than this but this is the only one listed on the Powerpoint Sensory Integration
According to Jean Piaget, what stage includes those from bith to 2 years old? Sensorimotor Stage
According to Jean Piaget, what stage includes those from 2 to 7 years old? Preoperational Stage
According to Jean Piaget, what stage includes those from 7 to 12 years old? Concrete Operations Stage
According to Jean Piaget, what stage includes from 12 years old through adulthood? Formal Operations Stage
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Basic Trust vs. Mistrust stage? Birth to 1 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt stage? 1 to 3 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Iniative vs. Guilt stage? 3 to 6 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Industry vs. Inferiority stage? 6 to 12 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Identity vs. Role Confusion stage? 12 to 19 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Intimacy vs. Isolation stage? 19 to 25 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage? 25 to 50 years old
According to Erikson, what ages would be included in the Ego Integrity vs. Despair stage? 50 years and older
Name all 8 stages in Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development. Try and name the ages for each stage as well. (1) Basic Trust vs. Mistrust (B to 1) (2) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 to 3) (3) Initiative vs. Guilt (3 to 6) (4) Industry vs. Inferiority (6 to 12) (5) Identity vs. Role Confusion (12 to 19) (6) Intimacy vs. Isolation (19 to 25) (7) Generativit
Name the 4 stages in Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development. Try and name the ages for each stage as well. (1) Sensorimtor Stage (birth - 2 years) (2) Preoperational Stage (2 - 7 years) (3) Concrete Operations Stage (7 -12 years) (4) Formal Operations Stage (12 years to adulthood)
Which model of human development is a triangular model with basic physiological needs at the bottm and self actualization at the top? Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs Physiological (food and water) Safety (shelter) Attachment (family, community) Esteem (sense of self importance) Self Actualization (sense of self-fulfillment)
List the six (6) developmental periods? (1) Infancy and toddlerhood (B to 2 yrs) (2) Childhood (2 - 12 yrs) (3) Adolescence (12 -21 yrs) (4) Young/Early Adulthood (21 -35 yrs) (5) Middle Adulthood (35 - 60 yrs) (6) Senior Adulthood (60 yrs and up)
Some life experiences that may take place in the ____________ Adulthood developemental stage include: - ability to commit to relationships - decisions/commitments that may last a lifetime - establishment of career goals are a major concern - beco Young / Early Adulthood (21 - 35 yrs based on PowerPoint)
Created by: a_roccio