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Language Development

Coos Birth to 6 months
vocalizes pleasure and displeasure sounds (laughs, giggles, cries, fusses) Birth to 6 months
makes noise when talked to Birth to 6 months
understands no-no 6-12 months
babbles 6-12 months
says ma-ma or da-da without meaning 6-12 months
tries to communicate by actions or gestures 6-12 months
tries to repeat your sounds 6-12 months
says first word 6-12 months
answers simple questions nonverbally 12-18 months
says two to three words to label a person or object 12-18 months
tries to imitate simple words 12-18 months
vocabulary of four to six words 12-18 months
correctly pronounces most vowels and n, m, p, h, especially in the beginning of syllables and short words - also begins to use other speech sounds 18-24 months
vocabulary of 50 words, pronunciation is often unclear 18-24 months
asks for common foods by name 18-24 months
makes animal sounds such as "moo" 18-24 months
starting to combine words such as "more milk" 18-24 months
begins to use pronouns such as "mine" 18-24 months
uses two-word phrases 18-24 months
knows some spatial concepts such as "in," "on" 2-3 years
knows pronouns such as "you" "me" "her" 2-3 years
knows descriptive words such as "big" "happy" 2-3 years
vocabulary of 250 to 900 words 2-3 years
uses three word sentences 2-3 years
speech is becoming more accurate but may still leave off ending sounds - strangers may not be able to understand much of what is said 2-3 years
answer simple questions 2-3 years
begins to use more pronouns such as "you" "I" 2-3 years
uses question inflection to ask for something such as "my ball?" 2-3 years
begins to use plurals such as "shoes" or "socks" and regular past tense verbs such as "jumped" 2-3 years
groups objects such as foods, clothes, etc. 3-4 years
identifies colors 3-4 years
uses most speech sounds but may distort some of the more difficult sounds such as l, r, s, sh, ch, y, v, z, th - these sounds may not be fully mastered until age 7 or 8 3-4 years
uses consonants in the beginning, middle, and end of words - some of the more difficult consonants may be distorted, but attempts to say them 3-4 years
strangers are able to understand much of what is said 3-4 years
able to describe the use of objects such as "fork" "car" etc. 3-4 years
has fun with language - enjoys poems and recognizes language absurdities such as, "is that an elephant on your head?" 3-4 years
expresses ideas and feelings rather than just talking about the world around him/her 3-4 years
uses verbs that end in "ing" such as walking and talking 3-4 years
answers simple questions such as "What do you do when you are hungry?" 3-4 years
repeats sentences 3-4 years
understands spatial concepts such as "behind" "next to" 4-5 years
understands complex questions 4-5 years
speech is understandable but makes mistakes pronouncing long, difficult, or complex words such as hippopotamus 4-5 years
vocabulary of about 1200 words 4-5 years
uses some irregular past tense verbs such as "ran" and "fell" 4-5 years
describes how to do things such as painting a picture 4-5 years
defines words 4-5 years
lists items that belong in a category such as animals, vehicles, etc. 4-5 years
answers "why" questions 4-5 years
understands more than 2000 words 5 years
understands time sequences (first, second, third) 5 years
carries out a series of three directions 5 years
understands rhyming 5 years
engages in conversation 5 years
sentences can be eight or more words in length 5 years
uses compound and complex sentences 5 years
describes objects 5 years
uses imagination to create stories 5 years
Created by: akaciadarnell