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2017 Poetry Terms

Grade 8 list

QuestionAnswerExample
Alliteration the repetition of initial or beginning consonant sounds " I slurped my salty soup."
Allusion a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Figurative Language writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally " It's raining cats and dogs."
Hyperbole an exaggeration for effect " I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
Imagery words or phrases that appeal to the five senses and create pictures in the reader's mind
Metaphor a figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else through comparison without using like or as. When a poet refers to "the road of life."
Connotation the emotional ideas we associate with a word, not its literal meaning When we hear the word fib, it doesn't sound as bad as the word lie, even though they mean the same thing.
Denotation the actual dictionary definition of a word
Onomatopoeia the use of words that imitate sounds Hiss, crash, buzz, jingle
Personification a figure of speech in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics Referring to Father Time or Mother Earth or saying the "Sun smiled on us."
Refrain a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
End Rhyme The most traditional form of rhyme with rhyming words at the ends of lines of poetry I think that I shall never see A thing as lovely as a tree
Rhyme Scheme a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem, usually identified by the letters of the alphabet
Tone the author's attitude toward the subject and the speaker in a literary work Tone can be humorous, angry, sarcastic, frantic, critical, etc
Stanza a group of lines in a poem or song, considered as a unit Poems are divided into stanzas, while prose is divided into paragraphs.
Simile a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as "quiet as a mouse"
Symbol anything that stands for or represents something else The American flag symbolizes our freedom.
Theme a central message or insight into life expressed in a literary work Most people agree that the theme of the Spiderman Movies is "With great power, comes great responsibility."
Prose the ordinary form of written language, not drama or poetry Examples are novels, essays, magazine articles,and short stories
Speaker the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of the poem, the character who tells the poem
Assonance the repetition of vowel sounds at the beginning of words
Created by: Sharon Smolen