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QuestionAnswer
adapter card A small adapter card circuit board inserted in an expansion slot and used to communicate between the system bus and a peripheral device. Also called an interface card.
binary number system The number binary number system system used by computers; it has only two numbers, 0 and 1, called binary digits, or bits.
BIOS Firmware that BIOS can control much of a computer–s input/output functions, such as communication with the floppy drive and the monitor.
BIOS setup bit BIOS setup – The program BIOS setup bit in system BIOS that can change the values in CMOS RAM. Also called CMOS setup. Bit – A 0 or 1 used by the binary number system.
bus The paths bus, or lines, on the motherboard on which data, instructions, and electrical power move from component to component.
byte A collection byte of eight bits that can represent a single character
cards Adapter boards cards or interface cards placed into expansion slots to expand the functions of a computer, allowing it to communicate with external devices such as monitors or speakers.
CPU Also called CPU a microprocessor or processor. The heart and brain of the computer, which receives data input, processes information, and executes instructions.
chipset A group chipset of chips on the motherboard that controls the timing and flow of data and instructions to and from the CPU.
clock speed The speed clock speed, or frequency, expressed in MHz, that controls activity on the motherboard and is generated by a crystal or oscillator located somewhere on the motherboard.
CMOS The technology CMOS used to manufacture microchips. CMOS chips require less electricity, hold data longer after the electricity is turned off, and produce less heat than earlier technologies. The configuration or setup chip is a CMOS chip.
CMOS RAM Memory contained CMOS RAM on the CMOS configuration chip.
CMOS setup The program CMOS setup in system BIOS that can change the values in CMOS RAM. Also called BIOS setup.
data bus The lines data bus on the system bus that the CPU uses to send and receive data.
data path size The number data path size of lines on a bus that can hold data, for example, 8, 16, 32, and 64 lines, which can accommodate 8, 16, 32, and 64 bits at a time.
DIMM A miniature DIMM circuit board installed on a motherboard to hold memory. DIMMs can hold up to 4 GB of RAM on a single module.
Created by: deerhunter9509