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aplus chapter 21


ac adapter uses regular house current to power a notebook computer,a device that converts ac to dc
auto switching a feature of an ac adapter whereby the device can automatically switch from 110v to 220 v ac power
cardBus a pcmcia specification that improved on the earlier pc card standard
digitizer graphics tablet
digitizer tablet graphics tablet
docking station a device that receives a notebook computer and provides additional secondary storage and easy connection to peripheral devices
express card the latest pcmcia standard for notebook i/o cards that uses the pci express and usb 2.0 data transfer standards
graphics tablet an input device that uses a stylus to hand draw
inverter a device that converts ac to dc
laptop computer notebook
lithium ion type of notebook battery
microDIMMS a type of memory module used on subnotebooks that has 144 pins and uses a 64 bit data path
mini pci the pci industry standard for desktop computer expansion cards
mini pciExpress a standard used for internal expansion slots that follows the pci express standards applied to notebooks
mini pciE mini pci express
notebook a portable computer designed for travel and mobility
pc card a credit card sized adapter card that can be slid into a slot in the side of many notebook computers and is used by modems, network cards and other devices
pc card slots an expansion slot on a notebook computer
pcmcia cards personal computer memory card international association card
point stick a unique and popular pointing device embedded in the keyboard of ibm and lenovo thinkpad notebooks
port replicator a device designed to connect to a notebook computer in order to make it easy to connect the notebook to peripheral devices
sleep timers the various times of inactivity before the computer goes into sleep mode
stylus a device included with a graphics tablet that works like a pencil on a tablet
touch pad the most common pointing device on a notebook,a pad near the keyboard that controls the windows cursor
trackPoint point stick
wake on LAN configuring a computer so that it will respond to a network activity when the computer is in a sleep state
cardBus improves i/o speed,increases the bus width to 32 bits and supports lower voltage pc cards
popular ways to add peripheral devices to notebooks pc cards CardBus ExpressCard
So Dimms So Rimms notebook memory
So Dimms can have DDR DDR2 DDR3 memory
factors to consider when purchasing notebooks warranty Service manuals Diagnostic software obtaining parts and customize os installation
hard drive connections on a notebook use SATA or 44 pin IDE
latest i/o cards expressCard/34 ExpressCard/54
expressCard/34 ExpressCard/54 not backward compatible with the pc card slots
a service technician must be careful not to void a customers warranty
pc card slots originally used a 16 bit ISA bus
pcmcia card first of these cards were used to add memory to a notebook
three standards pertaining to the size of pcmcia cards Type I type II Type III
the thicker the pc card the higher the standard
type I cards primarily used for adding RAM to a notebook pc
type II cards primarily used as modem cards
type III cards primarilt used to accommadate a portable disk drive
cardBus slots improved pc card slots by increasing the bus width to 32 bits and maintaining backward compatibility
a bumpy strip on the edge of a cardBus card designed to prevent a cardbus card from being inserted into the 16 bit pc card slot
cardBus slots come as either Type II or Type III
cardBus slots pc card slots
pc card slots 32 bit pc card slots
one way to know what slot you have is to look in device manager
express card latest pcmcia standard
express card uses pci express bus standard or usb 2.0 standard
hot pluggable exchange or add a card while the system is on
hot swappable exchange or add a card while the system is on
express card slots not backward compatible with pc card or cardBus cards
windows needs to provide two services for a pc card or express card socket service and card service
socket service establishes communication between the card and the notebook when the card is first inserted
card service provides the device driver to interface with the card after the socket is created
internet card air card
warranties can be voided opening the case Removing parts label Installing other parts Upgrading the OS
wireless technologies popular with notebooks wiFi Cellular Wan Bluetooth
to conserve power vista uses sleep mode Hybrid sleep hibernation
wimax 802.16 wireless
mobile phone gsm or cdma
acpi addvanced comfiguration and power interface
acpi specifications developed by intel,compaq,phoenix,microsoft and toshiba to control power on computers and other devices
disadvantage of using hibernation it takes longer for the computer to go into suspend mode and resume from suspend mode
dealing with a broken internal device return the notebook to the manufacturer
dealing with a broken internal device substitute an external component for an internal component
dealing with a broken internal device replace the internal device
the difference between a mini pcie slot and a mini pci slot look for the clips on the side of the mini pci slot
the difference between a mini pcie slot and a mini pci slot notches on the sides of a mini pci card and a long unbroken edge connector on the card
mini pci express slots not backward compatible with mini pci slots
docking station provides additional slots for adding secondary storage
port replicator provides ports to allow notebook to connect to a full sized computer
types of batteries ni-cad nimh lithium ion
sleep mode saves some work to the hard drive,saves all your work to memory,puts the computer in a power saving mode
hibernation mode saves all the work to the hard drive and powers down the system
hybrid mode all the work is saved to the hard drive but the system maintains a trickle of power
advantage of hybrid sleep if the power goes out the system can fully reload its state when it is turned back on
Created by: cgeaski