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Short Story Unit

Short Story Unit Test Review

Protagonist The main character of a story
Antagonist The conflict a character faces
Direct characterization The author states what a character is like
Indirect characterization The reader must use context to determine what a character is like
Round character A character with many traits, both good and bad
Flat character A character with one defining trait
Static character A character who does not change throughout the story
Dynamic character A character who does change throughout the story
Point-of-view The perspective from which the story is told
Narrator The voice that the point-of-view goes through
First person point-of-view A character tells the story through their own voice; uses "I, me, my"
Third person limited point-of-view The story is told through the eyes of one character without using "I, me, my"
Third person omniscient point-of-view "All-seeing" narrator can go into the mind of any character to tell the story
Plot The events of a story
Exposition The introduction of the characters, setting, and basic conflict
Rising action Events in the story progress and the conflict grows
Climax The highest point of action in the story
Falling Action Events following the climax
Resolution Problems are resolved; also called the denouement
Setting When and where the story takes place
Flashback Shows a scene from earlier in the story
Foreshadowing Hints at events that have yet to happen
Conflict A problem a character has
Internal Conflict A problem a character has within themselves; Man vs. Man
External Conflict A problem a character has with an outside force
Man vs. Man Two characters opposing one another
Man vs. Nature A character must fight natural forces like a tornado
Man vs. Society A character must fight societal constraints (things he cannot touch like poverty or racism)
Dialogue The words a character speaks
Mood The way a reader feels about a piece of literature
Tone The attitude an author takes towards his subject
Suspense The feeling of uncertainty about what has yet to happen
Allusion A reference to something famous
Onomatopoeia A word that mimics sound
Symbol Something that stands for something else
Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration
Situational irony Something completely unexpected happens; the opposite of what was expected
Verbal irony A character says something when they mean the opposite
Dramatic irony The audience knows something the characters do not
Theme The message of the story or insight into life
Created by: amanda.robbins



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